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business plan sampo Earnings per share for Sampo Group amounted to EUR 1.34 (1.40). Mark-to-market earnings per share were EUR 1.47 (1.08). The return on equity (RoE) for the Group was 14.1 per cent (10.9). Net asset value per share on 30 June 2017 amounted to EUR 25.60 (24.86). Profit before taxes for the PC insurance segment was EUR 453 million (436). Sampo's share of Nordea's net profit for the first half of The Fight Equality Essay 2017 was EUR 322 million (364). Profit before taxes in life insurance operations rose to EUR 116 million (103). If PC results in the Baltic region. Drug Intervention! Chris PARSONS to join TRUST Re's Board of Directors. The Fight For Gay! Reinsurer TRUST Re announced the appointment of energy in food Professor Chris PARSONS as an independent non-executive Director for a full 3-year term.
AIG announced changes to its organizational structure. For Gay Equality! American International Group (AIG) announced that it is Intervention Case Analysis, planning to make changes to The Fight Equality, its organizational structure. Azeri ATESHGAH Insurance appoints Azer ALIYEV as Chairman of the Board. Azer ALIYEV was appointed as new Chairman of the Board of youth ATESHGAH Insurance company, the company announced on October 2nd. Aon's acquisition of Equality Essay PORTUS Consulting approved by youth gangs in canada, FCA. The risk and insurance brokerage services provider AON said that the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has approved Aon's purchase of PORTUS Consulting - an Essay independent UK-based employee benefits firm.
GENERALI will put into run-off GENERALI Leben portfolio as of Q1 2018. Italian insurer GENERALI announced GENERALI Deutschland, Germany's second-largest primary insurance group, will launch the next phase of its industrial transformation to strengthen its operating performance and increase long-term value creation. CROATIA Osiguranje: Green light to take over the Croatian subsidiary of BNP PARIBAS. CROATIA Osiguranje (CO) has received the self, approval from Croatian Financial Market Authority (HANFA) to The Fight Essay, acquire more than 50 % of the shares of the local French unit of BNP PARIBAS - CARDIF Osiguranje. Bulgarian EUROINS Insurance Group launched Boosts! it's FinTech initiative. Bulgarian EUROINS Insurance Group (EIG) has launched Boosts!
EIG's FinTech initiative. The initiative is meant helping EIG to compete with the largest players in the industry in pursuing the Group strategic goal of becoming the define polluted, largest independent insurance group in CEE and SEE. VIG Re opens a branch office in Frankfurt. VIG Re will open its first branch office, based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The new operation will start September 29, 2017 to assume non-life treaty reinsurance business. For Gay Essay! Hungarian CIG Pannonia Life has announced a reduction in its share capital. CIG Pannonia Life Insurance decided on girl rape porn, the decrease of the Company's capital by HUF 13,333,320 with the purpose of equity withdrawal, a company press release has announced. HANNOVER Re and TALANX warn on FY2017 profit after recent catastrophes. German reinsurer Hannover Re said that the FY 2017 targeted Group net profit of more than EUR 1 billion may not be achieved, due to claims from The Fight Equality Essay a series of hurricanes and an earthquake in Mexico. Chris PARSONS to join TRUST Re's Board of Directors.
Reinsurer TRUST Re announced the appointment of Professor Chris PARSONS as an independent non-executive Director for measuring energy, a full 3-year term. AIG announced changes to its organizational structure. The Fight Essay! American International Group (AIG) announced that it is planning to make changes to girl rape porn, its organizational structure. Azeri ATESHGAH Insurance appoints Azer ALIYEV as Chairman of the Board. Azer ALIYEV was appointed as new Chairman of the Board of ATESHGAH Insurance company, the The Fight for Gay, company announced on October 2nd. Philipp BARDAS appointed new VIG General Secretary. Starting on 1 October 2017, Philipp BARDAS will be the new Head of the Vienna Insurance Group (VIG) General Secretariat. Former Polish Prime Minister joins Vienna Insurance Group as supervisory board member. Professor Marek BELKA, the former Prime Minister of Poland and gangs, Governor of the Polish Central Bank, was appointed to the supervisory boards of the VIG's Polish companies. The 9th International Istanbul Insurance Conference starts on Thursday in Istanbul.
In emerging markets like Turkey, there can be a significant difference between the insured and total insurable losses. Parametric insurance is The Fight for Gay Essay, a smart way to close this protection gap. While the traditional products cover an antacid potency insured loss, parametric products provide financial protection for various expenses from financial liabilities to contingent loss of profit which, in return, decreases the economic loss burden following a CAT event. The Fight Essay! 5th Insurance China International Summits took place in Shanghai. Drug Abuse Intervention Case Essay! The trends in the insurance industry is the for Gay Equality Essay, main topic addressed during the two-day event taking place on 21-22 September 2017 in Shanghai. 61st Rendez-Vous de Septembre ends today in Monte Carlo: review. The 61st edition of the self concept carl, Rendez-Vous de Septembre, the annual traditional meeting of The Fight for Gay Essay reinsurers ends today in in food Monte Carlo. The Nat Cat insurance protection gap, as well as the global insurance market readiness to for Gay, deal with the increasing complexity of the cyber risks were among the most debated topics.
XPRIMM Motor Insurance Report launched in Monte Carlo; meet the next XPRIMM stand in Baden Baden. The latest edition of the XPRIMM Motor Insurance Report was launched in Monte Carlo, on the occasion of the Rendez-Vous de Septembre, provind FY2016 statistical data and analisys for the CEE, SEE and CIS regions. MONTE CARLO: Live news from the gangs in canada, Rendez-Vous de Septembre The 61st edition of the Equality Essay, Rendez-Vous de Septembre, the annual traditional meeting of reinsurers has started yesterday in Monte Carlo. XPRIMM publications on the CEE, SEE and CIS insurance markets are available at the XPRIMM stand in Fairmont Hotel as well as at the other event's venues. In Canada! RVS Live: Swiss Re: Risk - research and technology can help closing the protection gap. Swiss Re forecasts growing demand for new reinsurance solutions that help clients manage their portfolios and expand into new segments and markets, company's officials said at the press conference that took place Monday, in Monte Carlo.
RVS Live: A.M.Best: Ireland, Luxembourg or Belgium, insurers' choices for European Offices, following Brexit. In the wake of the decision by the United Kingdom (UK) to for Gay Equality, leave the European Union (EU), insurers that access EU business through their UK companies have begun to unveil plans to establish additional subsidiaries, primarily in antacid potency Ireland, Luxembourg or Belgium, according to The Fight Equality Essay, an analysis presented by AM Best during Rendez-Vous de Septembre.
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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. For Gay. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. Antacid Potency. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark.
Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the for Gay Equality first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to in canada, communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook.
Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal.
and Still Killing Us . Essay. N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. Gangs. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. Vercelli: White Star, 2004.
Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Antacid Potency. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. For Gay Equality Essay. Harry Potter and the Chamber of girl rape porn Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
—. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of The Fight Loyalty: George W. Abuse Intervention Case Essay. Bush, the The Fight Equality Essay White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the antacid potency actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the The Fight Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. Girl Rape Porn. 2: The Tender Passion)
Gay, Peter. For Gay Essay. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. Youth. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol.
4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. The Naked Heart . Antacid Potency. New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and The Fight for Gay Equality Essay International. Environment of Business . Define Polluted. 5th ed.
Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. For Gay Equality. ed. Antacid Potency. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.
Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Essay. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Gangs. Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.
Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for The Fight Equality, publication by two editors:
Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. Measuring Energy In Food. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . For Gay. New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005.
Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Gangs In Canada. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . The Fight For Gay Equality. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance:
A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. In Food. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and for Gay Equality James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Carl Rogers. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. The Fight Equality. Canadian Facts and gangs Dates . The Fight Equality. 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Gangs. Words for The Fight, Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. Antacid Potency. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. The Fight For Gay Essay. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Youth Gangs. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of The Fight Equality Essay Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds.
Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Girl Rape Porn. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly.
New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by The Fight for Gay Equality Essay Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by energy in food another:
Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue.
Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. The Fight For Gay Essay. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places . 2000 ed. 10.
Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the girl rape porn encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of The Fight for Gay Equality editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. In Food. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . For Gay Essay. 2000 ed. Midge, T. Girl Rape Porn. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of for Gay North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11.
Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. Youth. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on for Gay Essay Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. Energy. 2004: A18.
“Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in The Fight a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive.
Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. Energy In Food. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is The Fight no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of gangs March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. Equality Essay. If the youth gangs publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required.
Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the The Fight location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of energy in food scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e).
Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. For Gay Equality. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. Define Polluted. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+.
Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. The Fight For Gay Essay. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. Girl Rape Porn. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.”
Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. The Fight. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and define polluted Free Press Metro ed. The Fight Equality Essay. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr.
2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Analysis Essay. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13.
Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the Essay World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in self carl rogers WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No.
20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Essay. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992.
Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO.
Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB:
May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of youth gangs DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66.
Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison.
International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. The Fight Essay. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea,
Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998:
Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. Girl Rape Porn. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of for Gay Equality Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+.
Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by.
Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD.
Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. Measuring In Food. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Equality Essay Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. Girl Rape Porn. 4. Art.
42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S.
Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. For Gay Equality. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. Gangs In Canada. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release.
May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. Based on book by concept rogers Roald Dahl.
Perf. The Fight Essay. Johnny Depp. Girl Rape Porn. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and The Fight the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Youth In Canada. Robert Luketic. Writ. The Fight Equality. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein,
Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Girl Rape Porn. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.
Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski.
Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Equality. Dir. Girl Rape Porn. Kevin Donovan. Prod.
John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of The Fight Essay People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers.
Example – for measuring, the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . The Fight For Gay. 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation:
2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of girl rape porn article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on for Gay Essay the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. In Food. Always put your access date just before the URL which is Equality placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation.
Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and measuring energy in food URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and Equality confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the antacid potency line to Equality Essay, indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is girl rape porn actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and The Fight for Gay Essay be treated differently by some browsers. Define Polluted. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and for Gay Equality clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement.
23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Concept Carl. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g.
SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to for Gay Essay, Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. Antacid Potency. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos.
IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. For Gay Equality Essay. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Antacid Potency. Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the Equality Essay service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the Drug Abuse Case Essay database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS.
Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. For Gay Equality. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”.
Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the energy in food above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada.
10 Apr. The Fight Essay. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. Self. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629.
“Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of The Fight Equality Essay Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence.
Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. Define Polluted. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an for Gay Equality, online database by e-mail:
Barr, Susan I. Girl Rape Porn. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. The Fight For Gay. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to girl rape porn, author.
8 Sept. The Fight For Gay Essay. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Youth Gangs. 1998.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and The Fight Equality Essay Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. Girl Rape Porn. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor:
Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. The Fight. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. Antacid Potency. 10 Oct.
2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. The Fight. Washington U.
School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. Drug Intervention Case Analysis Essay. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/
Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. Carl Rogers. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001.
Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. For Gay Equality Essay. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. Antacid Potency. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct.
2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. For Gay Equality Essay. 24 Sept. Define Polluted. 2000.
Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. Equality Essay. 2004. l. Rogers. Internet citation for The Fight Equality, a speech taken from a published work with an Abuse Case, editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed.
Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by Equality Essay another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed.
Albert C. Outler. Drug Intervention Case Analysis. 1955. The Fight For Gay. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Carl. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. For Gay Equality Essay. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. In Canada. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006.
Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Essay. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. Self Carl. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Equality. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. In Food. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug.
2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16.
Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Equality Essay. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from gangs in canada, John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.
Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005.
Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of The Fight for Gay Equality Essay ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van.
Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to antacid potency, a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Equality Essay. Mazurka Op.
7, No. In Food. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and The Fight Essay Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Energy. Invitation to for Gay Essay, the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933.
29. Define Polluted. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. Essay. 2) Title of Drug Intervention Analysis artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created.
4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is The Fight Equality Essay located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . Self. 1909. Tomb of The Fight Equality T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC].
Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. Girl Rape Porn. The School of The Fight Equality Essay Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois.
La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is girl rape porn uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of for Gay Essay book used. 7) Author or editor of book.
8) Place of self concept carl rogers publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,
Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. The Fight For Gay. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Antacid Potency. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . For Gay. [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979.
31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Antacid Potency. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. The Fight Equality. Trans. Gaston Du C. Measuring. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis.
Wainright Building . 1890-91. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague.
The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Girl Rape Porn. Sao Roque, Lisbon.
By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. The Fight Equality. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the Drug photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on The Fight CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse.
28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813.
Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and antacid potency lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of for Gay Equality Essay Wales Theatre,
Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Youth Gangs In Canada. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Chor. and The Fight Essay Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber.
Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China.
Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of in canada series. 4) Name of network. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date.
The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002.
“New Threat from gangs in canada, Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of for Gay Essay Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. Concept Rogers. 16 Oct.
2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. For Gay Equality Essay. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks).
3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium.
CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Girl Rape Porn. Don and Catherine Robertson.
Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. For Gay Essay. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.
1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . Antacid Potency. LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and The Fight for Gay Essay 770E . Diskette. Vers.
1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the measuring 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground.
Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. The Fight For Gay Essay. Alfonso Cuar o n. Carl Rogers. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson.
DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf.
Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel.
DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the The Fight for Gay Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf.
Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999.
State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and antacid potency Culture in for Gay Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Antacid Potency. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Essay Its Development and define polluted Use.” Diss.
Columbia U, 1962.
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Why No One Will Hire You: 40 Professionals Give Advice on Improving a Technical Writer's Resume [Collaborative Post] Is my resume so awful that no one will hire me? I mean, I'd been laid-off so long it's pitiful really. I opened up this question up to my friends on Twitter and to those who follow my blog. About 40 professional technical writers responded with all kinds of Equality resume advice. Youth In Canada. The overall trend in the responses is for the writer to add more detail to his resume, to expand on his education, tools, online presence, contribution to The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, the bottom line, samples, and other specifics. They suggested that he fill in gaps with experience, even volunteer projects, that he be more consistent and flawless in his language and grammar, and that he dress up the visual design of his resume.
Most of girl rape porn all, they said to The Fight for Gay Equality, never, ever mention poetry. Thanks for all the feedback. Best of self carl luck Herbert in getting a job. Let us know when you get it! I see no impact on the bottom line of the Equality company - he doesn't talk about how he reduced the self support costs by X or improved customer satisfaction by Equality Essay Y or anything that speaks to Case Analysis, the business of the company. It's important to show that you understand the business climate you work in and how what we do impacts that.
The world doesn't need that many shut-up-and-write writers. Additionally, I see nothing he specializes in that I can't get from 100 other writers. I'm sure he's got it, I just don't see it here. The Fight Equality. [sharon burton] It suffers from bulletpoint-itis. From the measuring in food first sentence onwards, it would be better if it were written as proper English sentences, in active voice: with subject, verb, adjectives even. Experienced in writing telecom documentation, survey questions, research reports, and poetry. Poetry when mentioned as a hobby = a person who loves writing, would do well in a career in writing. :) Poetry when mentioned in a list of work skills = nutter :( If you are applying for The Fight Equality Essay a job as a technical writer, then emphasise those skills. The other skills are merely nice to haves.
You want to in food, be seen as an expert who is The Fight also flexible, rather than a jack of define polluted all trades. Recommend adding a new section in which you list your “hard” and “soft” skills. Hard skills are the The Fight for Gay computer-based tools you know how to use productively. Soft skills are knowledge-based skills like SME interviewing, work/project planning, checklist creation, style sheet creation (including experience with specific style guides and authoritative references), review process, and other relevant training you've received (indexing, Information Mapping methodology, etc.). Within each item of your resume's Work Experience section, mention in a concise way how you used your hard and soft skills to accomplish work having measurable benefits to your publications team and larger organization. “Well versed in copyediting, transcription/editing of gangs interviews, and proofreading, most recently as assistant editor for a business periodical. Strong technical command of the English language Competent researcher” Tell us more! Sell the Essay sizzle, not the antacid potency sausage. Give us examples. You don't say if you are good at writing, getting a project completed on time, how you get on with people in a team, whether you are reliable, imaginative, a leader, a follower, a pain in The Fight for Gay Equality Essay the backside etc.
Your work experience. Even if you haven't had the job title technical writer or copywriter etc, you need to demonstrate you were doing that task, even if it was only occasionally. In your most recent role, Junior Statistician – N.C.C.U., Durham, N.C. Created website for Student Alcohol Use Surveys.
Edited, rewrote, and proofread all survey questions. Worked with various departments to girl rape porn, publish results online. It tells me you wrote surveys. It doesn't tell me anything about your writing anything more than creating a form. For Gay Equality Essay. Did you write a report on the results of the survey? If you don't have the right experience, then get it: volunteer to write a document for a local charity or get involved in define polluted an Open Source project, if you have to. You won't get paid, but you will acquire the right experience and skills to add to your Resume. I echo a few of the sentiments so far. The Fight For Gay. I see 10 years of experience, but I don't see a personality or any accomplishments.
What has Mr. Thornton done other than filling a seat? I'm certain that there really has been something, but it's not showing anywhere. (When I got to the end of the girl rape porn resume, I said “That's it?”) There is nothing about this resume that tells me anything about the for Gay Equality Essay person except that they worked for 10 years in the industry. I'd like to see a resume that sells me on the person's qualifications and accomplishments, something that answers the question “Why do I want to hire you today?” I would focus on this. I agree with the girl rape porn following poster, btw: I just revamped my resume and I had a lot of help from an outside source. As we have a recruitment agency service for technical authors in the UK, we get to see a lot of The Fight for Gay Equality Essay Resumes. Girl Rape Porn. These days, people tend to read Resumes on screen rather than on paper, so I think the old advice of The Fight Equality 2 pages and no more, is less relevant. I think you can go to 3, even 4 pages if pushed. It's really hard to write your own Resume, and you may need help in youth in canada getting it written. That doesn't necessarily mean paying for a Resume writer to write it for you, but you might see if you can look at examples of Essay good Resumes and take ideas from those . and ask someone you trust to help you to write your Resume.
Recruiters are looking for evidence of, in this order: 1. Good writing skills. 2. Good time management skills (you can deliver on time) 3. Case. You can fit in with the culture of the The Fight for Gay Equality Essay business. 4. Gangs In Canada. Good domain knowledge. 5. Knowledge of particular software tools. This is their checklist, so make sure you cover all of these on The Fight Essay, your Resume. Define Polluted. State you have each one. This is probably not a Resume of someone who has no skills or experience, it's more one of someone who is hiding their light under a bushel. //Created website for Equality Essay Student Alcohol Use Surveys//
Where is that website address. An online reference is always appreciated. Measuring In Food. Your works will speak for you. I agree with Ellis' detailed comments. The larger agencies tend to search for candidates using computers - key word search of their database. For Gay Equality Essay. So if your Resume doesn't contain those key words (like “Technical Writer”), it may never make it to the point where someone actually reads it. Don't go mad on gangs, key words, though - they can make it hard for a human being to read a Resume. - For online reading, you should ditch the “old fashioned” Times New Roman font and use a sans serif font (such as Arial) instead. - You should make your email address a hyperlink, so with one click the reader can email you. :) - If you have a LinkedIn profile, you should list it. Of course, your LinkedIn profile should be complete (including having recommendations, contacts, etc).
- I'd put the Education section after the Professional Experience, since it is secondary in The Fight for Gay Essay importance at this stage of your career (not to mention being not so relevant to your focus). - Under Computer Skills, you should indicate which versions of the tools you have experience with (for example, FrameMaker 6.0 or 9.0). - Under Professional Experience, you should have hyperlinks to the organizations' websites. Also in this section, be consistent with your punctuation. Some lines end with periods, while some do not. Technical writers notice these sort of things! ;)
[Gil Vinokoor @vinokoor on Twitter] Fonts and antacid potency, layout are often a matter of personal taste. They also differ between countries. The Fight For Gay Equality. There's more than one way to present a Resume. Personally, I prefer Times New Roman (or Georgia) to Arial. We're not talking about a huge document, and most other Resumes are in measuring energy in food a serif font. Please excuse my bad English, I'm Swiss:
I'm in Equality a Management Position in Technical Documentation since 10 years, so I saw many CVs and antacid potency, hired a few people. So, here are my thoughts to The Fight for Gay Essay, this CV: First thought: Not enough “Meat on the Bone”. Means, there must be more to say after 10 years of work In the summary, you are not specialized enough. What I mean is, that you need to rewrite this part for every job you apply for self carl rogers and adapt it to the exact demands of the job. For example, if I look for a Technical Writer, I don't want to have a Poet! It's not same kind of writing. For Gay Essay. What I miss are also courses and training, you have done in the last 10 years. If the only education you have is a B.A. and energy in food, since then nothing more, I would not even invite you to an interview! Technical writers have to learn new stuff all the time. Professional Experience: If you worked a few years in a company, I think there is more to tell, than just 3 bullet points.
Write it in two, three sentences. Computer skills: Better call them Professional skills, then as a Technical Writer, you use more than Tools. Personally I don't care, what version of Equality a software you know. If you know to work with FrameMaker 7, then changing to FrameMaker 9 will be done within a day. What is define polluted more important, is how good you know the tool. Let's take FrameMaker as an example: You can just be familiar with the unstructured version as a “normal” author or you can be the expert who can write EDDs. This is The Fight for Gay Equality why this is important to girl rape porn, me. Also mention which techniques you know: Do you know DITA, Information Mapping or other techniques to structure information? That's important stuff to for Gay Equality, know. And the Drug Case Essay other guy who gets invited to the interview writes all that stuff down. Soft skills are missing: Bring them.
Hobbies: I don't know how it is in the US, but I like to The Fight Equality, know a bit more about the person. And telling me about define polluted your hobbies will help me to “feel” if you will fit into the team. It also tells me, if this person is likely to have a good life-work-balance. I hope this helps you. This is a minor point, but possibly a deal breaker for someone looking for for Gay Equality Essay an experienced writer. The use of antacid potency periods (full-stops) at the end of bullet points are inconsistent. So is the spacing between the listed computer skills. I have no hiring experience myself, but I do know that a lot of managers in India might see this as a lack of attention to detail.
I have to The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, agree with some of the girl rape porn other commenters about the lack of for Gay impact his work had on the company or the Drug Abuse Intervention Case Analysis department. Also the idea of hyperlinks in Equality Essay the resume is a good idea, although I find that many hiring managers print resumes off before reading them. And he'll need to beef up the section on his technical skills. One piece of advice: think about paying a little money to antacid potency, have a resume coach redo the resume. The Fight Equality Essay. There's no shame in antacid potency admitting that your resume writing skills aren't great (even if you're a writer), and the money spent on The Fight Equality Essay, a coach is well worth it. You know what you are? You're a technical writer with a strong background in define polluted user research! Focus on Equality, that while you are applying the useful advice the others have given you. Hang in there :-)
I'm going through the measuring energy in food process of reading and interviewing right now (sorry, not for a technical writer). I've seen a wide variety of resume in the last month. It seems to me that the The Fight Essay resume is distilled to such a high level it feels ethereal. You get no sense of personal history -- accomplishments, responsibilities and carl rogers, the like. To me it doesn't feel like a person. It feels more like I'm looking at a grocery list.
Some ideas I just jotted as I reviewed your resume:: Think about expanding your search. You mention “Writer/Editor responsibilities with a documentation firm, book publisher, or educational software firm.” in your career focus, which is very concrete, but is also very narrow. Think about including non-educational software firms, marketing research groups (to match with your usability testing experience) or even Government! Being more open to other industries will open more doors. Look in unexpected places. I would move the Essay authoring tools further up in define polluted your resume. Highlight the tools you know above your experience, or perhaps even create a “skills” section which can go into further depth. The Fight. For example, create a list of your documentation and editing skills.
Don't call your software knowledge “computer skills”, that is too generic, relabel as “applications” or “Authoring Tools”. Antacid Potency. I also noticed you created a website at your last job. What did you use to for Gay Equality, create it? Dreamweaver? FrontPage? Make sure you cover even the software you have limited use of. Put the software you know in hierarchical order. Define Polluted. Most used/knowledge to least. What education have you had since your degree? technical writers are always learning new technologies to The Fight, stay relevant. Self Carl Rogers. List courses, seminars, even online courses you have done.
They can be on The Fight Essay, the job or on your own, it doesn't matter. It also shows you know how to continuously learn. This is girl rape porn so important for a tech writer as he learns a new software package to document. Think about The Fight learning some new applications so you can add into in food, your current skillset. The Fight. Do you have a grasp of Illustrator to create diagrams, or Publisher to create glossy copy? Think about learning smaller tools like SnagIt or other useful mini-apps for technical writers (WinZip? SendIt?
Adobe Acrobat?). Girl Rape Porn. If the for Gay Equality Essay interviewer doesn't know what it is, it can be a conversation starter, and you can explain how it works, pique their interest. It has worked for Intervention Case Analysis me a couple of times! This is just a summary, I assume you have a CV that is more in depth to The Fight Equality, your roles, responsibilities and achievements? However, you may want to think about expanding your experience section on define polluted, your short resume to The Fight for Gay Equality, explain more of your achievements where you worked. Define Polluted. Make them see how valuable you were while you sat in Essay the chair!
Get rid of the “poetry” in your experience summary. Poetry has no place in business unless you get a great job writing advertisements! That may make managers think you are a tad flakey (You aren't, but it can be a stereotype you must be aware of). Put your poetry and other hobbies at the end in an Interests section where you give hints about who you are outside of work. Employers do want to measuring in food, see their employees actively pursue stress-relieving extra curricular interests, and The Fight for Gay, again, these are conversation starters. Pizzaz up that resume! You know how to use FrameMaker, so perhaps put in energy in food a vertical sidebar with your name, do some really smart formatting to make it stand out from the crowd! Always provide PDF copy of your resume when applying to technical writer jobs, and The Fight Equality Essay, advise you can also submit in Drug Intervention Analysis .doc. This shows you know your way around tools. Perhaps think about other formats. Essay. Resume on a CD?
Resume in a pamphlet form if you are applying for youth gangs in canada a job creating marketing materials? Remember to have .TXT for for Gay Equality Essay submitting to measuring energy in food, online resume gatherers too. Think about what font you use. Essay. Online reading should be sans-serif. Printed should be serif.
Think Verdana, Arial, or MS Sans Serif for online, and Times New Roman for print. Caroline A. Robbins. Technical Writer - Environment Canada - Canadian Ice Services. Herbert, you don't appear to have any kind of online presence (unless “Herbert Thornton” is a pseudonym). Sign up for LinkedIn. Set up a web site for your portfolio. Get on Twitter.
Hiring managers today are going to be searching the web to learn more about you. (Actually, Caroline's last bullet point is in food a common myth among technical writers. Karen Schriver did extensive studies on readability of fonts and The Fight for Gay, found no conclusive evidence of sans serif being more readable online. Note that the New York Times uses serif fonts on its online pages.) Technical Communications Manager. Herbert, I agree with previous opinions that your resume should reflect both the tasks that you accomplished and a characterization of the impact to youth in canada, the business of Equality Essay those accomplishments. Also, as the Drug Abuse Intervention Essay previous poster mentioned, your networking efforts are particularly important in this climate of high unemployment.
With 5 people searching for The Fight for Gay Essay every available job out there, you will need connections that can provide introductions or offer job leads to you. LinkedIn is a great tool for on-line networking. Analysis. Hopefully, you already have a LinkedIn account. Make sure that you connect with as many former co-workers, classmates, friends, and people you meet during your job search as you can. More connections gives you a broader reach as you used LinkedIn for Equality searches to find contacts inside companies you're interested in. Also, more and more recruiters are looking for viable candidates online, particularly through LinkedIn searches. So, make sure that your summary is strong and contains keywords that match jobs you are looking for. Get out and Abuse Intervention Case Analysis, network in person, too.
Are you a member of your local STC chapter? Go to networking groups, whether they're job search networking groups or professional networking groups. You never know who you'll meet, and people who know ‘something' about Equality you often become your allies. [Gayle Werner, Technical Writer] You say that you want to be a “Writer/Editor” but I'm looking for define polluted how you can help my business: Can you improve the way that I connect with my customers through documentation? Can you help me improve the Equality customer experience -- and define polluted, the bottom line -- using existing technologies as well as the new collaborative technologies that are on the horizon? Right now it looks like you're an editor and The Fight Equality Essay, proofreader.
I'm sorry, but those are skills that I can purchase very cheaply. Someone else suggested that you delete “poetry.” I agree. Intervention. While it provides a window into your personality, it has no business value. You don't want anything on your resume that's irrelevant. Finally, have you participated in The Fight for Gay Equality Essay any professional societies? Attended conferences or received training in the field? I need to see that you're serious about learning this profession.
Hope this helps, Make the job you want *obvious*. Sure, you have the trendy little “Career Focus” statement -- but, and I say this as someone who has hired a lot of people over concept carl rogers, the past ten years -- I don't even read that fluff (it was the last thing I read, because I couldn't work out what you wanted from the sections *that count*). Stop being vague! “. Authored (sic) router software” means what? Tell me what you can do. “Strong technical command of the English language”. So you can recognize a verb (but can't write a sentence?) -- what does that phrase mean? And last but not least: “poetry” = trashcan. You've got some skills, buddy. The Fight For Gay Essay. So tell me what they are and how they can help me. For starters, I would like to point you to a post on my website: “Top 10 reasons why resumes suck”. Basically, your current resume is antacid potency a list of previous employers, and doesn't make one single argument about why anyone should give it a second look.
In addition, while your resume tells the reader *what* you've done in the past, it neither tells them *how* you did it (in other words, you could be making it all up, or taking credit for someone else's accomplishments) nor does it tell the reader anything about the The Fight for Gay Equality Essay value you might bring to their business. Measuring In Food. That's what should be on for Gay Equality Essay, the first page, and the employment history and girl rape porn, education info can safely go to the second page (since no-one will read it anyway, unless you grab their attention on the first page). There is a difference between “eligibility” for a job, and “suitability”. For Gay. The latter is about your interpersonal skills, your ability to work well with a team, and/or unsupervised, how your personality fits with the carl rogers existing team and with the corporate culture. In other words: the Equality resume has to be more about you, and less about “what you do”. With a skills and achievements-based resume, what will come through is “what it's like to have you working for the reader's company”. Antacid Potency. The easier it is for people to understand the impact of hiring you (on morale, on productivity, on customer relations, etc.) the more likely it is Essay you'll get invited in for an interview. And -- with the other posters -- I agree: lose the “poetry” in the listing of the types of writing you can handle.
Best of luck! And if you need additional professional help with your resume, feel free to contact me thru my website www.hamer-associates.ca. Emma C. Measuring Energy In Food. Hamer, Career and Performance Coach (BC, Canada) Hello, a few suggestions: -- Replace the sections “career focus” and The Fight Equality, “experience summary” with a stronger statement about what you can offer and self carl, what your particular strengths are.
-- Emphasize domain knowledge and strengths of for Gay skills. For example: -- What does your telecomm experience entail? Would you say you are an girl rape porn expert? -- How do you feel your research skills can add value for an employer? What makes your research skills stand out, and The Fight for Gay Essay, how can they add value for an employer? Can you think of examples of how your research saved time, clarified something, or improved quality? -- Do a thorough proofread of all content. -- Make punctuation consistent in all bulleted items. -- Check how dates are listed for work experience -- some dates are displayed latest to earliest; others earliest to latest. Make these listings consistent.
-- Check use of capitalization. -- Under computer skills, note any specific tools that you might have specialized expertise in (for example, creating time-saving macros or alerting colleagues to a valuable but little-used feature in a tool.) -- Remove the reference to poetry. as wonderful as poetry can be, on a resume it will be distractor from the youth in canada critical information that can help you get hired. I'm sure it wasn't easy to The Fight Equality Essay, post your resume, but I admire your effort to be open to feedback from your colleagues. It's a tough market out define polluted, there, so the more you can highlight the strengths that can bring value to potential employers -- and The Fight Equality Essay, the more you can show how your contributions have made a difference -- the better. Best wishes to you.
Herbert, I was struck by the fact that you've got FrameMaker and girl rape porn, PageMaker experience, but VISIO is the only graphics program you list. Tech Comm departments who use Adobe products are looking for experience in Illustrator and Photoshop. The fact that you don't mention these applications makes me wonder if you essentially used FrameMaker as a word processor rather than as a desktop publishing tool. If my company were hiring right now, we'd need expert-level FrameMaker skills. The Fight Equality Essay. Your resume doesn't tell me you've got that. I hope that you'll consider coming out to some STC Carolina Chapter events to network with other technical communicators in gangs in canada the area. Here's a link to The Fight for Gay Essay, our website: http://www.stc-carolina.org/tiki-view_articles.php. Our annual membership drive picnic is in on Thursday, September 16, and we'd love to see you there! - Andrea Wenger, VP, STC Carolina Chapter. After all the extensive advice, here's a smaller thing: give your employment dates in a format like “June 2005–June 2008.” I look at “6/05-6/08” and have to gangs, think to decipher what it's saying. Don't make me think. (Also notice that the “6/05” format is inconsistent with stating the The Fight for Gay full year of your graduation.)
Remove the ‘poetry' line! And don't use ‘/' as a substitute for ‘or'—that drives me nuts! Good advice generally, especially the Case Analysis bit about hiding your light under a bushel. For Gay Equality. I find that my mind empties out whenever I try to write about myself, so I can sympathise. I'd suggest finding a decent volunteer gig before the end of the year, just to get 2010 on your resume. People will understand not having work in 2009, but it will hurt you if the gap stretches out too long. There always online projects looking for help, and antacid potency, I'd also suggest local non-profits - in any case, something you can put all your research, interviewing, and writing skills into. I would remember that while all these suggestions are good for your master resume, you should always, always tailor your resume for each job you apply for. If applying for an editing role, emphasise your editing experience; for The Fight Equality a software tech writing role, emphasise your experience in writing in that space. And try to get in a volunteer job, as suggested above.
A HR rep suggested to me once that gaps on measuring in food, resumes could be anything from a gap year (travelling OS) or being in jail. I now have that in the back of The Fight my mind everytime I see an unexplained gap in a resume. As a hiring manager, I wouldn't give this resume a second look. Youth Gangs. It is The Fight Equality so brief that absolutely nothing grabs my interest. On a purely pragmatic level, I'm surprised that something so short could have this many typographical problems, ranging from inconsistent punctuation in define polluted bulleted lists to headings not lining up horizontally with corresponding text. If I could offer advice to the individual, it would be Write from your heart. This applies to resume writing as well as it does to The Fight Equality, poetry. I'd want to see passion for, commitment to, and energy in food, pride in what you do.
And then, when you've conveyed all that, have an editor proofread it. Everyone needs an editor. The best writers know that better than anyone. I think one of the biggest things you could do to improve your resume, aside from ensuring grammatical/mechanical accuracy, would be to revamp its visual design. As a technical writer, you need to demonstrate your document design skills in for Gay Equality your resume. Think outside the typical cookie-cutter resume format that you find on every career website and design your resume to catch someone's attention. A few specific suggestions: - Treat your name like the title of the document: it should be the largest thing on girl rape porn, the page. - Treat the The Fight sections like level-one headings, the job titles as level-two headings, etc. - Try just using typography and antacid potency, white space to distinguish the different sections instead of using horizontal lines.
That many lines draw the eye across the for Gay Essay page unnecessarily and cause readers to sort of hold their breath. White space, on measuring in food, the other hand, gives both the document and the reader a chance to breathe. - Try breaking away from the traditional three-column format. Not only does it change the look and feel, but it can also improve readability. For Gay Equality. Example: Junior Statistician, N.C.C.U. Define Polluted. (June 2005 - June 2008) Durham, North Carolina.
- Experience detail 1. - Experience detail 2. Kudos for being bold enough to put this out there. I think the biggest issue with your resume is, it does not speak to your breadth of The Fight for Gay Equality experience. Girl Rape Porn. Be sure to The Fight for Gay Equality, really flesh out your bullet points to show how your work has benefited the measuring company; use numbers and percentages when at all possible. Consider a paragraph summary. The Fight. Maybe something like: Technical Writer with X years experience translating complex technical information into XYZ for XYZ audience.
Exceptional communicator with outstanding organization and problem-solving ability as it applies to define polluted, the technical writing process, product development workflow, and project management. Specialist in The Fight Equality XYZ. Also swap your Computer Skills and self carl rogers, Education sections. The Fight For Gay Essay. And, as others have suggested, set up a LinkedIn and be sure to define polluted, add your URL to the header section. I echo most other folks thoughts and comments.
I look at this resume and I see a resume that looks like it was a fill in the blanks template from The Fight for Gay Equality Office. If I am looking for a tech writer, I want to see something that shows that you know how to use Word, i.e, a resume that is define polluted custom to you and not a boring template. Remember that a resume is a sales document. If it is boring and The Fight Essay, blends in Drug Intervention Case Analysis Essay with the rest of the for Gay Equality Essay resumes that come across my desk, I am not going to give it more than a passing look. That said, remember that you cannot get too creative with a resume. The writing poetry thing is interesting. Is there a way to define polluted, incorporate that experience in a way that does not seem nutters, as a previous commenter stated? Maybe include a section that shows a list of The Fight for Gay your publications and measuring energy in food, extracurricular activities. Also, be specific about the documents you have written, particularly in The Fight Equality Essay the most current experience. Give examples. I, personally, hate the generic career focus summary on Analysis Essay, a resume.
I would suggest that this is more effective in a cover letter that is specific to the job and for Gay Essay, company you are applying with. I might also suggest moving the education from the top of the resume to under the youth experience section, as your education does not directly relate to the types of positions for which you are applying. For gosh sake, include your references in The Fight for Gay Equality the resume! I know there are different schools of thought on this, but to define polluted, me, when I see available on request, I think to The Fight Equality Essay, myself that the owner of the resume is lazy, or needs to concept carl rogers, have time to The Fight Equality Essay, cherry pick references, thus making me question if I should waste my time in self concept interviewing. I really think that it would be more helpful for the community to see the boilerplate cover letter you are utilizing, as this is The Fight for Gay Equality Essay going to self concept rogers, be far more important to your job search than the resume itself, as your most current experience is not really in a technical writing role. The cover letter must be where you really sell your transferable skills to the new position. Hope this helps.
If you have specific questions, mail me: [emailprotected] I'm pretty surprised at how short this resume is for someone with ten years of The Fight for Gay Essay experience. As others have mentioned, the professional experience is focused on tasks rather than results. You may not have cut a company's bottom line by x percent in define polluted y time, but certainly you had some sort of impact at each job. Figure out at least one statement of impact and add that to the tasks to illustrate what you did and how that made a difference. When interviewing writers and editors for past projects, I always looked closely at the resume for the details.
In this case, I was already thrown by the lack of detail with periods at the end of bullet points. The Fight Equality. Either use them or don't, but make sure that you're consistent, as consistency is a very important part of Drug Abuse Intervention Case Essay editing. It just demonstrates that you either aren't careful in The Fight Equality Essay your own work, or don't value editing enough to antacid potency, have someone else edit your work, which is a big no-no for such an important document that serves as your first impression. Also, since you've been out of school for 12 years, your educational experience can go to the bottom of the for Gay Equality resume, near the computer skills section. Your work experience is (or should be) the focus for gangs in canada you now unless you had recent training or education in The Fight Equality Essay the field that you want to youth, highlight. Finally, you should target your career focus statement to the job you're applying for.
Perhaps you already are and just wrote it this way for the example, but make sure that you're more specific when you submit it for for Gay Equality an actual position. Intervention Case. There is a big difference between book publishing and software documentation online, so make sure you tailor your statement accordingly. --Reagan Templin (Technical Writer) The poetry thing has been beaten to death, but I'll pile on. The Fight Equality Essay. If you are applying for a job where it is relevant (literary journal?), definitely include it. For a tech writing job, delete it because the girl rape porn implied message is, “I need a tech writing job to support my true love—writing poetry.” Even if this is true (*especially* if this is for Gay true), it's not a message your want to convey. There's a lot (a LOT) of good advice in this document already.
I'll add this: Your current resume feels slightly plastic. Antacid Potency. With the The Fight Equality exception of the Drug Abuse Intervention Case Analysis poetry reference (!), there's no sense of the person behind the resume. You really, really need to flesh out the content and give your voice a chance. Keep the content professional, but use your skills as a poet to make the bullet points more interesting than the average resume. With your background in sociology and The Fight for Gay Equality, RTP location, I would take a look at Research Triangle Institute.
If you have an interest in Drug Analysis statistics that goes beyond basic surveys, SAS is an The Fight obvious contender. Usability is a big asset; flesh out your discussion of what you did there. -Sarah O'Keefe, tech comm consultant, scriptorium.com. I'm pretty much echoing everyone else… I would recommend losing the objective. It's the first thing a hiring manager reads and antacid potency, it limits your possibilities within the The Fight for Gay Essay company (I heard this from an HR staffer who reviews thousands of resumes). Also add more to your experience summary.
Right now, you sound very inexperienced. I know you've done more in the last 10 years then get a command over the English Language. HR departments and hiring managers alike, are looking through 100's of self resumes for one job! They “skim” resumes looking for keywords, job titles, and accomplishments to match the job description. Fill your resume by for Gay Essay telling them what you've done in 10 years.
After all this…. A resume is only a knock at the door. To get your foot in the door these days, you need great references. Monique Bradshaw - Documentation Specialist. White Plains, NY. 1. Your resume needs to be one page, but it needs to look like you had to energy in food, work to get it down to The Fight, one page--not like you had to self carl rogers, work to The Fight for Gay Equality, get it up to one page. A short resume communicates too little experience. Beef it up (see #2). 2. Beef it up by answering these questions in each of your resume points: How many? How much?
How often? For example, “Edited survey questions” isn't as strong as “Edited hundreds of survey questions over a three-month period for errors in grammar, punctuation, and tone.” The first statement is vague. The second (while not perfect) is better because it communicates specific information and tells of proficiency in proofreading. Even if the details and numbers you can give are small ones, small numbers are better than no numbers. (After all, if you don't quantify your experiences, employers will automatically assume the least that they can about you. They necessarily approach your resume from antacid potency a position of cynicism.)
[Josh Allen - English Professor, Rexburg, Idaho] I'm not trying to be the master of the obvious but for The Fight for Gay Essay a ‘writer' this resume doesn't show off the antacid potency writing skills. Most everyone said it already, but QUALIFY and QUANTIFY all your experience. Sometimes short and sweet is the way to go! This resume is not one of those times. Also, this resume doesn't show any online references or indication of ‘samples' of for Gay your work. Define Polluted. In the information age, people like to The Fight Essay, see the information! [Greg Woolf - Programmer, Mesa, AZ] [Suchitra Govindarajan, Technical Writer with experience in recruiting other writers] Get new posts delivered straight to your inbox. I'm a technical writer based in the California San Francisco Bay area.
Topics I write about on this blog include technical writing, authoring and publishing tools, API documentation, tech comm trends, visual communication, technical writing career advice, information architecture and youth, findability, developer documentation, and more. If you're a professional or aspiring technical writer, be sure to subscribe to email updates using the form above . You can learn more about me here.
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70% of consumers will leave a review for a business when asked. A business’s online reputation is The Fight for Gay Equality, more important than ever. In fact, a company’s online reputation is girl rape porn, fast becoming one of their most valuable assets #8212; if managed properly. Why? In a world where online reviews show up virtually every time a person searches for a local business, potential customers can’t help but be confronted with reviews about a local business’s products or services #8212; the good, the bad and (sometimes) the downright ugly. For Gay Equality! So what impact do these reviews have on Abuse Intervention Essay people searching for a place to spend their money? BrightLocal’s 2016 Local Consumer Review Survey. Every year, BrightLocal (disclosure: my employer) surveys everyday consumers to gauge the sentiment and The Fight for Gay Equality Essay attitudes they have about the local companies they do business with. The purpose of the survey?
To help small to medium-sized businesses (SMBs), digital marketing agencies and SEOs understand how online reviews influence the purchasing decisions consumers make as they search for self rogers, local companies, products or services. If you (or your clients) have been avoiding the topic of online reviews up until now, I have a feeling you will change your mind after you learn more about how consumers read and The Fight for Gay Equality act (or don’t act) after evaluating online reviews about concept carl rogers businesses. For Gay Equality! About the 2016 Local Consumer Review Survey. The Local Consumer Review Survey is in its sixth year. Over the rogers past several years, there has been a noticeable shift in how consumers search online for The Fight for Gay, local businesses and the importance online reviews play in a consumer’s purchasing process.
This year BrightLocal surveyed a US consumer panel made up of 1,000 individuals. The survey questions explore how consumers read and antacid potency use the reviews they see online. For Gay Equality! The answers show how businesses and Drug Abuse Intervention Case Essay marketers can qualify the value consumers put on online reviews and The Fight for Gay Equality whether these reviews have any impact on define polluted a consumer’s purchasing decisions. Consumers see online reviews almost every time they search. More and more these days, consumers are using the internet to find local businesses and see online reviews almost every time they go online to do a local search. Why the increase? Over the past few years, many local businesses have realized the importance of optimizing their online presence for the local market by claiming their Google My Business or Bing Places for Business pages, creating location-specific pages on their website, adding Google Maps to The Fight for Gay their site and other local SEO strategies.
Additionally, Google shows online reviews in many search engine results pages (SERPs), and they even recently started adding third-party review sites and reviews to a business#8217;s Knowledge Panel. Also, because people have access to youth in canada a variety of devices to perform searches on, such as smartphones and tablets, it’s easy for them to jump online wherever they are and search for reviews about a business, product or service. So, how do consumers read and use the for Gay Equality information found in reviews? Let’s find out by energy in food looking at some of the The Fight for Gay Equality survey questions and answers. Define Polluted! Which of these business types have you read online reviews for?
Note: Respondents were told to select as many answers as needed. The most commonly read reviews by consumers are Restaurant/Cafe reviews, with 60 percent of respondents having read reviews for businesses in this category. Hotels/Bed Breakfasts reviews came in second, with 40 percent of Equality Essay, respondents seeking reviews for businesses in this category. Also popular are Medical/Healthcare Professionals, Clothing Shops, Hair/Beauty Salons, Automotive Services and Grocery Stores. Youth! Restaurants/Cafes, Hotels/Bed Breakfasts, Medical/Healthcare Professionals, Clothing Stores, Hair/Beauty Salons, Grocery Stores and Essay Automotive Services are the main businesses that people want to girl rape porn read reviews for. One thing to consider is that these numbers are somewhat dependent on for Gay Equality both the type of energy, business and The Fight Equality Essay how frequently consumers tend to use that type of business . For instance, business types that people use frequently (like restaurants or grocery stores) will probably have more reviews because more people simply visit these types of businesses more often and on a regular basis. Girl Rape Porn! You will probably find fewer reviews for locksmiths, accountants or pest control companies because these services are not needed as often. Even though reviews for for Gay Essay, some business types are read less often, when one need s those businesses (e.g., you lock yourself out of your house or you see cockroaches in your kitchen), then consumers will actively look at those reviews. Antacid Potency! Bottom line: every business benefits from having online reviews (no matter the industry). How many online reviews do you read before you feel you can trust a business?
90 percent of consumers read just 10 reviews or fewer before they feel that they can trust a business (vs. 87 percent in 2015). 32 percent of consumers form an for Gay Essay, opinion by reading one to three reviews. 68 percent of consumers form an girl rape porn, opinion by reading one to six reviews. Consumers form opinions about a business fast, with 68 percent forming an opinion by reading just one to six reviews. Almost nine out of 10 consumers determine whether they can trust a business after reading 10 or fewer online reviews. To remain relevant, businesses must have a reputation strategy where they monitor what consumers are saying about them and have a way to for Gay Equality proactively get positive new reviews from concept carl rogers happy customers. Why? When evaluating a business, consumers will typically look at the top reviews first. If the recent reviews are negative ones, they may not read past those bad reviews #8212; even if there are positive reviews right below the negative ones. It’s imperative that businesses generate ongoing positive reviews so that any negative reviews they have are pushed down on the list.
Business owners shouldn’t be scared of online reviews, they should see them as an Equality Essay, opportunity to engage with their customers and get feedback about their business. How many different review sites (e.g., Yelp, TripAdvisor) do you look at before you make a decision about measuring energy a business? 20 percent of The Fight Equality, consumers look at one review site before deciding. Measuring Energy In Food! 59 percent of The Fight, consumers look at two to three review sites before making a decision. 21 percent of consumers look at four or more review sites before deciding. This new question focuses specifically on how many review sites people go to before they decide about a business. The answers vary depending on girl rape porn the type of business someone is The Fight for Gay Essay, researching. For instance, if they#8217;re looking for a restaurant, they might only check one or two review sites. But if they are going to purchase a new car and girl rape porn the financial stakes are higher, they will probably look at more review sites.
When judging a local business on its reviews, which of Essay, these factors do you pay most attention to? Note: Respondents were told to select a maximum of self carl, two answers. Equality! 58 percent of consumers put the highest weight on the overall star rating. The second most important factor is #8220;sentiment of reviews.#8221; The recency of reviews is also important, coming in third at 41 percent. When evaluating online reviews, the most important factor to consumers is how many stars a business has. Star ratings are a very quick and visual guide to antacid potency show how trustworthy a business is. But there are other factors that people consider to get a holistic view of Essay, a business#8217;s reputation. Other factors are the sentiment of Abuse, reviews (i.e., positive or negative comments and statements) and the recency (aka age) of reviews. As an example, if a business has three five-star reviews, but the reviews are two years old, the consumer will probably devalue the importance of the Equality star rating because they really want to see more recent reviews.
When selecting a local business to use, what is the antacid potency minimum star rating a business must have for you to The Fight use them? 87 percent of people want to see three- to five-star reviews about a business before they will consider using them. Of the consumers surveyed, only 14 percent would consider using a business with a one- or two-star rating. Define Polluted! For consumers, star ratings are considered the most important factor in deciding which local business to use. For instance, 56 percent of for Gay Essay, consumers won’t consider using a business with just one to three stars; in other words, if a business has less than a four-star rating, that company is losing out on 56 percent of potential customers.
Notably, while consumers consider star ratings to be an important decision-making factor, they are also realistic #8212; only 8 percent expect a business to have a five-star rating before they will consider using them. Girl Rape Porn! How do online customer reviews influence your decision to actually use a local business? Note: Respondents could select more than one answer, so these numbers cannot be directly compared to 2015 results. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay! 68 percent of people say positive customer reviews make them more likely to use a local business. In Food! 12 percent of consumers say that they read reviews, but those reviews don’t influence their decision on which local business to use. 42 percent say that negative reviews make them not want to use a local business. Almost 70 percent of consumers said that positive reviews make them more likely to use a local business. Additionally, 42 percent of Equality Essay, consumers say that negative reviews make them not want to Case Analysis Essay use a business. These numbers show that people seriously consider reviews when making a purchasing decision. Do you trust online customer reviews as much as personal recommendations? 84 percent of people trust online reviews as much as a personal recommendation #8212; if they meet their requirements (vs.
80 percent in 2015). Just 16 percent of consumers surveyed said that they don’t trust online reviews (vs. 20 percent in The Fight, 2015). Authenticity is essential #8212; over a quarter of Abuse Intervention Analysis Essay, consumers trust reviews more than personal recommendations only if they believe the review to be genuine. People trust reviews now more than ever, but a portion of consumers are concerned about fake reviews: 27 percent of people will trust reviews if they think they are authentic (31 percent in for Gay Equality, 2015). Girl Rape Porn! If consumers think that a review is The Fight for Gay Essay, “planted” or “seems too good to be true,” they will take that into define polluted, consideration.
Fake reviews, and the effect they have on eroding consumer trust, have become hot topics as of late. As this topic gets more media coverage, consumers become more aware of the pitfalls of The Fight Equality, online reviews. When you read positive reviews for a business, what is the typical next step you take? After reading positive reviews, 54 percent of consumers will visit the business#8217;s website (48 percent in 2015). Define Polluted! 19 percent will visit the The Fight for Gay Equality business directly. 17 percent will search for additional reviews about the antacid potency business.
The most common next step for consumers who read reviews is to visit the business’s website (54 percent). This is an easy next step because people are already online, and The Fight for Gay there’s typically a link to the business’s website from the review sites. This does reinforce the need for SMBs to measuring have a mobile-friendly website. Only 19 percent say their next step would be to visit a business’s premises. For Gay Essay! This will vary depending on the type of business a consumer is looking for. For instance, if they’re looking for a restaurant, the numbers will be higher; if they’re searching for youth in canada, a physician or wedding planner #8212; something that might first require an The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, appointment or phone consultation #8212; then it#8217;s unlikely that your next step would be to visit the business. A full 17 percent of Drug Abuse Case Analysis, consumers say that they would seek out additional reviews about the business they are considering. This indicates a high level of interest in a particular business #8212; if a consumer is continuing to look for for Gay Equality, reviews, then that means they are probably getting closer to Drug Abuse a buying decision.
Have you ever been asked by a business to leave an Equality, online review for them? 70 percent of youth gangs in canada, consumers have been asked by a business to leave a review. The Fight For Gay! 50 percent of consumers have been asked to leave a review about measuring energy a business and actually left a review. This is for Gay Essay, important: if asked , approximately 71 percent of consumers will leave a review for a business. This reinforces the need for every business to have a reputation marketing strategy. While this finding does illustrate the importance of asking customers for Abuse Intervention Analysis, reviews, businesses must exercise caution and patience in The Fight Essay, doing so. Why?
Too many reviews acquired within a short time frame can look suspicious, meaning those reviews could end up getting flagged and filtered out on the review platform. Ask your customers for reviews gradually over youth, time, and don#8217;t overdo it. Additionally, businesses should never use offers to for Gay incentivize consumers to leave reviews (That’s considered unethical). Reviews, positive or negative, serve as a useful feedback tool for businesses. Use this information to improve your customer service or business offerings. Do you want to see even more questions and answers, as well as a deeper analysis of the results of this year’s survey? Check out the full 2016 Local Consumer Review Survey. Some opinions expressed in this article may be those of a guest author and not necessarily Search Engine Land. Staff authors are listed here. Have something to say about this article?
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5.2 Reading Results Data into the Database. Caution: The database should contain the same set of selected nodes and The Fight for Gay Essay, elements that were selected for antacid potency the solution. For Gay? Otherwise, a data mismatch may occur. Drug Intervention Analysis? For more information about data mismatches, see Section 22.214.171.124. Once model data are in the database, either the SET , SUBSET , or APPEND command is used to read in results data from the The Fight Equality results file. The default maximum number of substeps in the results file ( Jobname .RST) is 1000.
When the in food number of substeps exceeds this limit, you need to issue SET ,Lstep,LAST to bring in the 1000th load step. The Fight For Gay Essay? Use /CONFIG to increase the limit. Caution: For a nonlinear analysis, interpolation between time points usually degrades accuracy. Therefore, take care to postprocess at a time value for which a solution is girl rape porn, available. Some convenience labels are also available on SET : SET ,FIRST reads in the first substep . The GUI equivalent is First Set. SET , NEXT reads in the next substep. The GUI equivalent is Next Set. SET ,LAST reads in The Fight for Gay Equality Essay the last substep . The GUI equivalent is Last Set. The NSET field on self concept rogers the SET command (GUI equivalent is By Set Number) retrieves data that corresponds to its unique data set number, rather than its load step and for Gay Equality Essay, substep number. This is extremely useful with FLOTRAN results, as you can have multiple sets of results data with identical load step and substep numbers.
Therefore, you should retrieve FLOTRAN results data by its unique data set number. Self Rogers? The LIST option on the SET command (or List Results in The Fight for Gay Equality Essay the GUI) lists the data set number along with its corresponding load step and concept carl, substep numbers. You can enter this data set number on the NSET field of the next SET command to request the The Fight Equality proper set of results. The ANGLE field on measuring energy in food SET specifies the circumferential location for harmonic elements (structural - PLANE25, PLANE83, and SHELL61; thermal - PLANE75 and The Fight, PLANE78). 5.2.2 Other Options for Retrieving Results Data. 126.96.36.199 Reading Selected Results Information. The SUBSET command behaves like the SET command except that it retrieves data for Analysis the selected portions of the for Gay Equality Essay model only. It is very convenient to use the SUBSET command to look at the results data for a portion of the model. Energy? For example, if you are interested only in surface results, you can easily select the exterior nodes and elements, and The Fight Essay, then use SUBSET to retrieve results data for just those selected items. You can use any of the commands SET , SUBSET , or APPEND to read data from the results file into the database.
The only difference between the commands or paths is how much or what type of data you wish to retrieve. When appending data, be very careful not to antacid potency generate a data mismatch inadvertently. For example, consider the following set of for Gay, commands: At this point results data for Abuse Analysis nodes 1 to 5 from load step 1 are in the database. The database now contains data for The Fight for Gay Essay both load steps 1 and define polluted, 2. The Fight? This is a data mismatch. Define Polluted? When you issue the PRNSOL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsNodal Solution ), the program informs you that you will have data from the second load step, when actually data from two different load steps now exist in the database. The load step listed by the program is merely the Equality one corresponding to the most recent load step stored.
Of course, appending data to the database is carl rogers, very helpful if you wish to compare results from different load steps, but if you purposely intend to mix data, it is extremely important to keep track of the source of the The Fight Equality Essay data appended. To avoid data mismatches when you are solving a subset of a model that was solved previously using a different set of elements, do either of the Drug Case Analysis Essay following: Do not re-select any of the elements that were unselected for the solution currently being postprocessed. Remove the earlier solution from the ANSYS database. You can do so by exiting from Equality, ANSYS between solutions or by antacid potency, saving the database between solutions. For more information, see the ANSYS Commands Reference for descriptions of the The Fight INRES , NSEL , APPEND , PRNSOL and SUBSET commands. If you wish to Abuse Analysis clear the database of The Fight for Gay, any previous data, use either of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseZero Load Case. Either method sets all current values in antacid potency the database to zero, therefore giving you a fresh start for The Fight for Gay Equality further data storage. Antacid Potency? If you set the database to The Fight Equality zero before appending data to it, the result is the define polluted same as using the SUBSET command or the for Gay Essay equivalent GUI path, assuming that the arguments on SUBSET and APPEND are equivalent. Note -All of the girl rape porn options available for The Fight for Gay Essay the SET command are also available for the SUBSET and APPEND commands.
By default, the define polluted SET , SUBSET , and APPEND commands look for Equality Essay one of Drug Abuse Intervention Case Analysis, these results files: Jobname. RST , Jobname. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay? RTH , Jobname. Girl Rape Porn? RMG , or Jobname .RFL . You can specify a different file name by issuing the FILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocData File Opts ) before issuing SET , SUBSET , or APPEND . Think of the The Fight for Gay Essay element table as a spreadsheet, where each row represents an element, and in food, each column represents a particular data item for the elements. For example, one column might contain the average SX stress for for Gay Essay the elements, while another might contain the element volumes, while yet a third might contain the Y coordinate of the antacid potency centroid for Equality Essay each element. To create or erase the element table, use one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDefine Table or Erase Table. 188.8.131.52 Filling the Element Table for Variables Identified By Name. Some items, such as the element volumes, do not require Comp ; in such cases, Item is VOLU and Comp is left blank. Identifying data items by carl, an Item , and Comp if necessary, is called the Component Name method of filling the element table. The data which are accessible with the component name method are data generally calculated for most element types or groups of element types.
The ETABLE command documentation lists, in general, all the Item and Comp combinations. However see the Element Output Definitions table in each element description in Equality the ANSYS Elements Reference to Drug Abuse Case Analysis Essay see which combinations are valid. Table 5-1 is an example of such a table for BEAM4. For Gay Essay? You can use any name in the Name column of the table that contains a colon (:) to fill the antacid potency element table via the Component Name method. The portion of the name before the colon should be input for the Item argument of the ETABLE command. The portion (if any) after the colon should be input for the Comp argument. Equality Essay? The O and R columns indicate the availability of the items in the file Jobname .OUT ( O ) or in the results file ( R ): a Y indicates that the item is always available, a number refers to a table footnote which describes when the item is conditionally available, and a - indicates that the item is not available.
Table 5-1 3-D BEAM4 Element Output Definitions. 184.108.40.206 Filling the Element Table for Variables Identified By Sequence Number. The data in the tables is in food, broken down into item groups (such as LS, LEPEL, SMISC, etc.). The Fight Equality? Each item within the Drug Abuse Case item group has an identifying sequence number listed. You load these data into the element table by giving the item group (such as LS, LEPEL, SMISC, etc.) as the Item argument on the ETABLE command, and The Fight Equality Essay, the sequence number as the Comp argument.
This is referred to as the Sequence Number method of energy in food, filling the element table. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay? For example, the maximum stress at node J for BEAM4 is Item =NMISC and Comp =3, while the initial axial strain (EPINAXL) for the element (E) is antacid potency, Item =LEPTH and Comp =11. 220.127.116.11 Notes About Defining Element Tables. The ETABLE command works only on the selected elements. The Fight For Gay Equality? That is, only define polluted data for for Gay Equality the elements you have selected are moved to the element table. Youth In Canada? By changing the for Gay Equality Essay selected elements between ETABLE commands, you can selectively fill rows of the element table. The same Sequence Number combination may mean different data for different element types. For example, the combination SMISC,1 means MFOR(X) for self rogers BEAM4 (member force in the element X direction), P1 for SOLID45 (pressure on face 1), and FNTOT for CONTAC48 (total normal force). Therefore, if your model has a combination of element types, be sure to for Gay Essay select elements of one type (using ESEL or Utility Menu SelectEntities ) before using the ETABLE command.
The ANSYS program does not automatically refill (update) the element table when you read in a different set of results (such as for measuring in food a different load step) or when you alter the results in the database (such as by The Fight Equality Essay, a load case combination). Drug Abuse Analysis? For example, suppose your model consists of our sample elements, and you issue the following commands in POST1: At this point, the ABC column in the element table still contains data for load step 1 . To refill (update) the column with load step 2 values, you should issue the Equality command ETABLE , REFL , or specify the antacid potency refill option via the GUI. You can use the element table as a worksheet to do calculations among results data. This feature is described in Section 5.4. The Fight For Gay? To save the element table, issue SAVE , Fname , Ext in POST1 or issue /EXIT ,ALL when exiting the antacid potency ANSYS program. (If you are using the GUI, follow the prompts in The Fight for Gay Essay the dialog boxes that appear when you choose Utility MenuFileSave as or Utility MenuFileExit .) This saves the table along with the rest of the database onto self concept rogers, the database file. To erase the entire element table from memory, issue ETABLE ,ERASE ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableErase Table ). (Or issue ETABLE , Lab , ERASE to The Fight Essay erase just the Lab column of the carl rogers element table). The element table will automatically be erased from memory if you issue a RESET command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocReset ). 5.2.4 Special Considerations for for Gay Equality Principal Stresses. You have requested an self concept, interpolated time point or angle specification on the SET command. You have performed load case operations. Equality? In the define polluted above cases (including all cases for The Fight Equality SHELL61), you must choose Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseLine Elem Stress or issue the command LCOPER ,LPRIN in self rogers order to calculate the principal stresses.
Then you may access this data through ETABLE , or any appropriate printing or plotting command. Contour displays Deformed shape displays Vector displays Path plots Reaction force displays Particle flow traces. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsNodal Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsElement Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsElem Table.
Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsLine Elem Res. The PLNSOL command produces contour lines that are continuous across the entire model. Use either for primary as well as derived solution data. For Gay Equality? Derived solution data, which are typically discontinuous from element to antacid potency element, are averaged at the nodes so that continuous contour lines can be displayed. Sample contour displays of for Gay Essay, primary data (TEMP) and derived data (TGX) are shown below. If PowerGraphics is enabled, you can control averaging of derived data with one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp.
Any of the above allows you to specify whether or not results will be averaged at Abuse Intervention Analysis element boundaries where material and/or real constant discontinuities exist. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay? For more information, see Chapter 10, Power Graphics. Caution: If PowerGraphics is disabled (which is the default for girl rape porn most element types), you cannot use the AVRES command to control averaging, and the averaging operation is performed at all nodes of the selected elements without regard to the attributes of the elements connected to them. The Fight Equality Essay? This can be inappropriate in areas of material or geometric discontinuities. When contouring derived data (which are averaged at the nodes), be sure to antacid potency select elements of the same material, same thickness (for shells), same element coordinate system orientation, etc. See the PLNSOL command description for further information. The PLESOL command produce contour lines that are discontinuous across element boundaries. Use this type of for Gay Essay, display mainly for Drug Intervention Case Essay derived solution data. For example:
Figure 5-3 A sample PLESOL plot showing discontinuous contours. The PLETAB command contours data stored in the element table. The Avglab field on the PLETAB command gives you the option of Essay, averaging the data at nodes (for continuous contours) or not averaging (the default, for having discontinuous contours). The example below assumes a SHELL99 (layered shell) model and shows the difference between averaged and non-averaged results. The PLLS command displays line element results in the form of contours. Drug Abuse Case Essay? This command also requires data to be stored in the element table.
This type of display is commonly used for shear and moment diagrams in beam analyses. The example below assumes a BEAM3 (2-D beam) model with KEYOPT(9)=1: PLLS simply draws a straight line between values at the I and J nodes of an The Fight Equality Essay, element without any regard to how the result item varies along the Drug Abuse Intervention Case element length. You can use a negative scaling factor to invert the plot. You can produce isosurface contour displays by first setting Key on the /CTYPE command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleContours Contour Style ) to 1. See Chapter 6 for The Fight Essay more information about isosurfaces. Antacid Potency? Averaged principal stresses : By default, principal stresses at each node are calculated from averaged component stresses. You can reverse this, so that principal stresses are first calculated per element, then averaged at The Fight the nodes. To do so, use one of the following: Command(s): Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp. This method is not normally used, but can be useful in gangs special circumstances.
Averaging operations should not be done at The Fight Essay nodal interfaces of concept carl rogers, differing materials. Vector sum data : These follow the same practice as the principal stresses. By default, the vector sum magnitude (square root of the sum of the squares) at each node is calculated from averaged components. The Fight Equality? By using the AVPRIN command, you can reverse this, so that the vector sum magnitudes are first calculated per define polluted element, then averaged at the nodes. Shell elements or layered shell elements : By default, results for shell or layered elements are assumed to The Fight for Gay Equality be at the top surface of the shell or layer.
To display results at the top, middle or bottom surface, use the concept carl SHELL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ). For Gay? For layered elements, use the LAYER command (Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp) to indicate layer number. Von Mises equivalent strains (EQV): The effective Poisson's ratio used in computing these quantities may be changed using the AVPRIN command. Command(s): Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results-Contour Plot-Nodal Solu. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results-Contour Plot-Element Solu. Utility MenuPlotResultsContour PlotElem Solution.
Typically, you would set the effective Poisson's ratio to the input Poisson's ratio for elastic equivalent strain ( EPEL ,EQV) and to 0.5 for antacid potency inelastic strains ( EPPL ,EQV or EPCR ,EQV). For total strains ( EPTOT ,EQV), you would typically use an effective Poisson's ratio between the input Poisson's ratio and 0.5. As an alternative, you can save the equivalent elastic strains using ETABLE with the The Fight Equality Essay effective Poisson's ratio equal to the input Poisson's ratio and save the equivalent plastic strains in in food another table using 0.5 as the for Gay Equality Essay effective Poisson's ratio, then combine the antacid potency two table entries using SADD to Equality Essay obtain the antacid potency total equivalent strain. Utility MenuPlotResultsDeformed Shape. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDeformed Shape. For example, you might issue the Equality Essay following PLDISP command: You can change the displacement scaling by issuing the /DSCALE command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleDisplacement Scaling ). Be aware that when you enter POST1, all load symbols are automatically turned off. These load symbols remain off if you subsequently re-enter the PREP7 or SOLUTION processors.
If you turn the load symbols on in POST1, the resulting display will show the self concept carl rogers loads on the deformed shape. To produce a vector display, use one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPredefined or User-Defined. To scale the arrow lengths, use one of the The Fight following: Utility MenuPlotCtrlsStyleVector Arrow Scaling. You can also create your own vector quantity by specifying two or three components on the PLVECT command.
1. Define path attributes using the antacid potency PATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine PathDefined Paths ). 2. Define the points of the path using the PPATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationDefine PathModify Path ). 3. Map the desired quantity on to the path using the PDEF command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsMap onto Path ) 4. Use the PLPATH and The Fight Equality Essay, PLPAGM commands ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPlot Path Items ) to gangs in canada display the results. More details on this appear later in Section 5.3.4. Like reactions, you can also display nodal forces using labels NFOR or NMOM on the /PBC command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsSymbols ). These are forces exerted by an element on The Fight for Gay its node. Define Polluted? The sum of these forces at each node is usually zero except at constrained nodes or at The Fight for Gay Equality nodes where loads were applied. By default, the force (or moment) values that are printed and youth gangs, plotted represent the total forces (sum of the for Gay Equality Essay static, damping, and inertial components).
The FORCE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ) allows you to separate the total force into girl rape porn, individual components. 18.104.22.168 Particle Flow and The Fight, Charged Particle Traces. A particle flow or charged particle trace requires two functions: 1. The TRPOIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDefi Trace Pt ). Either defines a point on the path trajectory (starting point, ending point, or anywhere in between). 2. The PLTRAC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPlot Flow Tra ). Either produces the self concept carl flow trace on an element display. Up to 50 points can be defined and plotted simultaneously. A sample PLTRAC plot is shown below. Figure 5-9 A sample particle flow trace. The Item and The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, Comp fields on PLTRAC allow you to see the carl variation of a specified item (such as velocity, pressure, and for Gay Equality, temperature for measuring energy in food a particle flow trace or electric potential for a charged particle trace).
The variation of the item is displayed along the path trajectory as a color-contoured ribbon. The Fight Equality Essay? Other commands are: TRPLIS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsList Trace Pt )-lists trace points. TRPDEL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDele Trace Pt )-deletes trace points. Abuse Analysis? TRTIME command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsTime Interval )-defines the flow trace time interval. ANFLOW command ( Utility MenuPlotCtrlsAnimateParticle Flow )-generates an animated sequence of particle flow. Notes. Particle flow traces occasionally stop for no apparent reason. The Fight For Gay? This can occur in stagnant flow regions, near wall flow regions, or when a particle is tracking along an element edge. To resolve the problem, adjust the initial particle point slightly in the cross stream direction. For charged particle traces, the variables Chrg and Mass input by the TRPOIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsDefi Trace Pt ) have units of columbs and kilograms, respectively, in the MKS system.
The particle tracing algorithm could lead to an infinite loop. For example, a charged particle trace could lead to an infinite circular loop. To avoid infinite loops, the PLTRAC command argument MXLOOP sets a limiting value. Sample Listing of PRESOL,ELEM. 22.214.171.124 Listing Nodal and antacid potency, Element Solution Data. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsNodal Solution. To list specified results for selected elements, use one of these methods. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsElement Solution.
To obtain line element solution printout, specify the ELEM option with PRESOL . The program will list all applicable element results for the selected elements. Sample Listing of PRNSOL,S. 126.96.36.199 Listing Reaction Loads and Applied Loads. Listing reaction loads and applied loads is The Fight for Gay Essay, a good way to check equilibrium. It is always good practice to check a model's equilibrium after solution. Youth? That is, the sum of the applied loads in a given direction should equal the sum of the reactions in that direction. (If the sum of the reaction loads is not what you expect, check your loading to The Fight for Gay Essay see if it was applied properly.) The presence of coupling or constraint equations can induce either an actual or apparent loss of equilibrium.
Actual loss of load balance can occur for energy poorly specified couplings or constraint equations (a usually undesirable effect). Coupled sets created by CPINTF and constraint equations created by CEINTF or CERIG will in nearly all cases maintain actual equilibrium. The Fight Equality? Constraint equations can also cause an apparent loss of equilibrium because, as stated previously, the reaction force at energy a constrained DOF that belongs to a constraint equation does not include the force passing through that equation. This would affect both the individual reaction force and the reaction totals. (This is a good reason not to constrain a DOF that belongs to a constraint equation.) Also, the sum of nodal forces for a DOF belonging to a constraint equation does not include the force passing through that equation, which affects both the individual nodal force and the nodal force totals. A separate listing of constraint equation reactions is available during a batch solution (and can be requested with the OUTPR command), but these reactions cannot be accessed in POST1.
For most properly connected constraint equations, these should total to zero in FX, FY, and FZ. (The moment totals may not be zero because a proper moment summation would have to include the effect of The Fight for Gay, forces.) Other cases where you may see an apparent loss of equilibrium are: (a) four-node shell elements where all four nodes do no lie in energy an exact flat plane, (b) elements with an The Fight for Gay Essay, elastic foundation specified, and (c) unconverged nonlinear solutions. See Section 15.8.2 of the ANSYS Theory Reference. Another useful command is FSUM . Define Polluted? FSUM calculates and lists the The Fight for Gay Equality force and moment summation for the selected set of Intervention Case Analysis, nodes. Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal CalcsTotal Force Sum. The NFORCE command provides the force and for Gay, moment summation for each selected node, in addition to an overall summation. Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal CalcsSum @ Each Node. The SPOINT command defines the define polluted point (any point other than the origin) about The Fight Equality Essay which moments are summed.
Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsElem Table Data. To list the Drug Case Analysis Essay sum of Essay, each column in the element table, use the SSUM command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableSum of Each Item ). The PRVECT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsVector Data ) lists the magnitude and direction cosines of specified vector quantities for all selected elements. Antacid Potency? The PRPATH command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPath Items ) calculates and then lists specified data along a predefined geometry path in the model. You must define the path and map the data onto the path; see Section 5.3.4. The PRSECT command (Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsLinearized Strs ) calculates and then lists linearized stresses along a predefined path. The PRERR command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPercent Error ) lists the The Fight percent error in energy norm for all selected elements. The PRITER command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsIteration Summry ) lists iteration summary data.
To restore the youth in canada original order of for Gay Equality, nodes or elements, use the antacid potency following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsUnsort Nodes. Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsUnsort Elems. 188.8.131.52 Customizing Your Tabular Listings. Note -You can define paths only in models containing solid elements (2-D or 3-D) or shell elements. They are not available for line elements. Three steps are involved in reviewing results along a path: 1. Equality Essay? Define the path attributes [ PATH command]. 3. Girl Rape Porn? Interpolate (map) results data along the path [ PDEF command]. Once the data are interpolated, you can review them using graphics displays [ PLPATH or PLPAGM commands] and The Fight for Gay Essay, tabular listings or perform mathematical operations such as addition, multiplication, integration, etc. Advanced mapping techniques to in food handle material discontinuities and The Fight Equality Essay, accurate computations are offered in the PMAP command (issue this command prior to PDEF ).
Other path operations you can perform include archiving paths or path data to a file or an Intervention Analysis, array parameter and recalling an existing path with its data. The next few topics discuss path definition and The Fight, usage. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path On Working Plane. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDefine Path Supply the following information for the PATH command: A path name (containing no more than eight characters). The number of concept rogers, path points (between 2 and 1000). The Fight Equality Essay? Required only in batch mode, or when defining path points using the define polluted By Location option.
When picking is used, the number of path points equals the number of picked points. Equality? The number of Intervention Analysis Essay, sets of The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, data which may be mapped to this path. (Four is the minimum; default is 30. There is no maximum.) The number of divisions between adjacent points. (Default is 20; there is no maximum.) When using the By Location option, a separate dialog box appears for defining path points ( PPATH command). Girl Rape Porn? Enter the Global Cartesian coordinate values of the for Gay Equality path points. The shape of the interpolated path geometry will follow the currently active CSYS coordinate system. Alternatively, you can specify a coordinate system for geometry interpolation ( CS argument on the PPATH command). Note -To see the status of path settings, choose the PATH ,STATUS command.
The PATH and PPATH commands define the define polluted path geometry in the active CSYS coordinate system . If the path is a straight line or a circular arc, you need only the two end nodes (unless you want highly accurate interpolation, which may require more path points or divisions). Note -If necessary, use the CSCIR command ( Utility MenuWorkPlaneLocal Coordinate SystemsMove Singularity ) to move the coordinate singularity point before defining the path. To display the path you have defined, you must first interpolate data along the path (see Section 184.108.40.206), then issue /PBC ,PATH,, 1 ( Utility MenuPlotCtrls Symbols ) followed by for Gay Essay, the EPLOT or NPLOT command ( Utility MenuPlot Elements or Utility MenuPlotNodes ) . ANSYS displays the path as a series of define polluted, straight line segments. The Fight For Gay? The path shown below was defined in concept carl rogers a cylindrical coordinate system: Figure 5-11 A node plot showing the path. 220.127.116.11 Interpolating Data Along the The Fight for Gay Path. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath Operations path operation. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsUnit Vector.
These commands require that the path be defined first. Using the PDEF command, you can interpolate virtually any results data along the path in the active results coordinate system : primary data (nodal DOF solution), derived data (stresses, fluxes, gradients, etc.), element table data, FLOTRAN nodal results data, and so on. Concept? The rest of this discussion (and in other documentation) refers to The Fight for Gay Equality Essay an interpolated item as a path item . For example, to interpolate the girl rape porn thermal flux in the X direction along a path, the command would be as follows: The XFLUX value is an arbitrary user-defined name assigned to the path item. For Gay? TF and X together identify the item as the thermal flux in girl rape porn the X direction. Note -You can make the results coordinate system match the for Gay Equality active coordinate system (used to antacid potency define the The Fight path) by issuing the self rogers following pair of commands: The first command creates a user-defined parameter (ACTSYS) that holds the for Gay Essay value defining the in food currently active coordinate system. The second command sets the results coordinate system to for Gay the coordinate system specified by ACTSYS. To clear path items from the path (except XG, YG, ZG, and S), issue PDEF ,CLEAR . For instance, you can save path items from one path, define a parallel path, and calculate the difference in path items between the two paths by using the PCALC command ( Main Menu General PostprocPath Operations operation ).
The PVECT command defines the normal, tangent, or position vectors along the path. A Cartesian coordinate system must be active for this command. Self? For example, the for Gay command shown below defines a unit vector tangent to the path at each interpolation point. TTX, TTY, and TTZ are user-defined names assigned to the X, Y, and Z components of the vector. You can use these vector quantities for fracture mechanics J-integral calculations, dot and cross product operations, etc. For accurate mapping of normal and tangent vectors, use the ACCURATE option on the PMAP command. Issue the PMAP command prior to youth gangs in canada mapping data.
Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPlot Path Items. To get a tabular listing of specified path items, use one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPath Items. You can control the path distance range (the abscissa) for PLPATH and PRPATH ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsPath Range ) or the PRANGE command . Path defined variables may also be used in place of the Equality Essay path distance for the abscissa item in the path display. You can use two other commands, PLSECT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsLinearized Strs ) and self concept carl, PRSECT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsLinearized Strs ), to The Fight Equality Essay calculate and review linearized stresses along a path defined by youth gangs, the first two nodes on the PPATH command. Typically, you use them in pressure vessel applications to Equality separate stresses into individual components: membrane, membrane plus bending, etc. Define Polluted? The path is defined in the active display coordinate system. You can display a path data item as a color area contour display along the path geometry.
The contour display offset from the The Fight Equality Essay path may be scaled for gangs in canada clarity. To produce such a display, use either of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot ResultsPlot Path ItemsOn Geometry. 18.104.22.168 Performing Mathematical Operations among Path Items. The PCALC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath Operations operation ) lets you add, multiply, divide, exponentiate, differentiate, and integrate path items.
The PDOT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDot Product ) calculates the dot product of two path vectors. The PCROSS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsCross Product ) calculates the The Fight for Gay Equality cross product or two path vectors. 22.214.171.124 Archiving and Retrieving Path Data to girl rape porn a File. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive Path -Store-Paths in file. To retrieve path information from a file and for Gay Equality, store the data as the currently active path data, use the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Path-Retrieve-Paths from file. You can opt to archive or fetch only the path data (data mapped to path ( PDEF command) or the path points (defined by the PPATH command).
When you retrieve path data, it becomes the currently active path data (existing active path data is define polluted, replaced). If you issue PARESU and have multiple paths, the first path from the list becomes the currently active path. Sample input and output are shown below. 126.96.36.199 Archiving and Retrieving Path Data to an Array Parameter. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive.
To retrieve path information from an array variable and store the data as the The Fight Equality currently active path data, use one of the following: Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsArchive. You can opt to archive or fetch only the path data (data mapped to antacid potency path ( PDEF command) or the path points (defined by The Fight, the PPATH command). The setting for the POPT argument on PAGET and Drug Abuse Essay, PAPUT determines what is stored or retrieved. You must retrieve path points prior to retrieving path data and labels. When you retrieve path data, it becomes the currently active path data (existing active path data is The Fight Equality, replaced).
Sample input and output are shown below. Figure 5-12 A sample PLPATH display showing stress discontinuity at a material interface. Main MenuGeneral PostprocPath OperationsDelete Path. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcDelete Path You can opt to youth delete all paths or choose a path to delete by name. To review the current list of The Fight Equality Essay, path names, issue the command PATH ,STATUS. In the postprocessor, the youth program calculates an energy error for each element in the model.
The energy error is similar in concept to Equality the strain energy. The structural energy error (labeled SERR) is a measure of the discontinuity of the measuring energy in food stress field from element to element, and the thermal energy error (TERR) is a measure of the discontinuity of the heat flux from element to element. For Gay Equality Essay? Using SERR and TERR, the ANSYS program calculates a percent error in energy norm (SEPC for antacid potency structural percent error, TEPC for The Fight for Gay thermal percent error). Note -Error estimation is based on stiffness and conductivity matrices that are evaluated at girl rape porn the reference temperatures (TREF). Error estimates, therefore, can be incorrect for elements with temperature-dependent material properties if those elements are at a temperature that is significantly different than TREF. In many cases, you can significantly increase program speed by suppressing error estimation. This improved performance is Equality, most evident when error estimation is youth gangs, turned off in a thermal analysis.
Therefore, you may want to use error estimation only The Fight when needed, such as when you wish to determine if your mesh is adequate for good results. You may turn error estimation off issuing ERNORM ,OFF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ) . By default, error estimation is active. Since the value set by the ERNORM command is not saved on Jobname .DB, you will need to reissue ERNORM ,OFF if you wish to again deactivate error estimation after resuming an analysis . In POST1 then, you can list SEPC and TEPC for all selected elements using the PRERR command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocList ResultsPercent Error ). The value of SEPC or TEPC indicates the relative error due to a particular mesh discretization. To find out where you should refine the mesh, simply produce a contour display of SERR or TERR and look for high-error regions. Using this error estimation technique, you can set up an automated scheme whereby the Case Analysis Essay mesh is automatically refined in high-error regions.
This is called adaptive meshing . See Chapter 3 of the ANSYS Advanced Analysis Techniques Guide . For theoretical details about error estimation, see the ANSYS Theory Reference . 5.4.1 Rotating Results to a Different Coordinate System. Using the RSYS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocOptions for Outp ), you can change the active results coordinate system to global cylindrical ( RSYS ,1), global spherical ( RSYS ,2), any existing local coordinate system ( RSYS , N , where N is the for Gay local coordinate system number), or the nodal and element coordinate systems used during solution ( RSYS , SOLU ). If you then list, display, or operate on the results data, they are rotated to antacid potency this results coordinate system first. You may also set the results system back to global Cartesian ( RSYS ,0 ). Figure 5-14 illustrates how displacements are reported for several different RSYS settings. The displacements are in terms of the nodal coordinate systems (which are always Cartesian systems), but issuing the RSYS command causes those nodal systems to be rotated into the specified system. For example, RSYS , 1 causes the The Fight Essay results to be rotated parallel to antacid potency the global cylindrical system such that UX represents a radial displacement and UY represents a tangential displacement. (Similarly, AX and AY in a magnetic analysis and VX and The Fight Equality, VY in a fluid analysis are reported as radial and tangential values for RSYS ,1.) Caution: Certain element results data are always output in the element coordinate system regardless of the self concept rogers active results coordinate system. These are miscellaneous result items that you would normally expect to be interpreted only in for Gay Equality Essay the element coordinate system. They include forces, moments, stresses, and strains for beam, pipe, and spar elements, and antacid potency, member forces and moments for some shell elements. In most circumstances, such as when working with a single load case or during linear combinations of multiple load cases, rotating results data into the results coordinate system does not affect the final result values.
However, most modal combination techniques (PSD, CQC, SRSS, etc.) are performed in the solution coordinate system and involve squaring operations. Since the squaring operation removes the sign associated with the data, some combined results may not appear as expected after being rotated into The Fight for Gay Essay, the results coordinate system. In these cases, you can use RSYS , SOLU to avoid a rotation and to keep the results data in the solution coordinate systems. As an example of when you would need to change the results coordinate system, consider the case of Intervention Analysis, a cylindrical shell model, in which you may be interested in the tangential stress results. Essay? The SY stress contours before and in food, after results coordinate system transformation are shown below for such a case. See the RSYS and PLNSOL command descriptions for further information. Figure 5-15 (a) SY in global Cartesian system (b) SY in global cylindrical system (note that nodes and elements are still in The Fight Equality global Cartesian system) Note -In a large deformation analysis (for example, if you have issued the NLGEOM ,ON command and energy in food, the element has large deflection capability), the element coordinate system is for Gay Essay, first rotated by the amount of antacid potency, rigid body rotation of the element. Therefore the The Fight for Gay Equality Essay component stresses and strains and other derived element data include the carl rogers effect of the rigid body rotation. The coordinate system used to display these results is the specified results coordinate system rotated by the amount of rigid body rotation . The exceptions to this are HYPER56, HYPER58, HYPER74, HYPER84, HYPER86, and HYPER158.
These elements always produce stresses and strains in the specified results coordinate system (no rigid body rotation added). The primary data (for example, displacements) in a large deformation analysis do not include the rigid body rotation effect , because the nodal coordinate systems are not rotated by the amount of rigid body rotation. 5.4.2 Performing Arithmetic Operations Among Results Data. The procedure to do calculations among results data requires three simple steps: 1. Use the ETABLE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDefine Table ) to bring one or more result items into the element table or worksheet. 2. Perform the The Fight Essay desired arithmetic operations using commands from the CALC module ( SADD , SMULT , SEXP , etc.). 3. Review the outcome of the operations using PRETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table ) or PLETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TablePlot Elem Table ). A discussion of the define polluted element table appears earlier in this section.
The ETABLE command moves specified results data for The Fight for Gay Equality all selected elements into the element table. One value is stored per element. For example, if you select 10 elements and concept, issue the command shown below, an The Fight Equality Essay, average UX value is calculated for youth gangs each element from the nodal displacements and stored in the element table under the The Fight for Gay Equality ABC column. The element table will be 10 rows long (because only 10 elements were selected). If you now want to double these displacements, the command would be: For further information, see the SMULT command description in the ANSYS Commands Reference . The element table now has a second column, labeled ABC2, containing twice the values in youth gangs in canada column ABC. To list the element table, simply choose PRETAB ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableList Elem Table ).
Another example of arithmetic operations is to calculate the total volume of selected elements. To do this, you might store all element volumes in the element table, select the desired elements, and sum them using the SSUM command: See the ETABLE , ESEL , and SSUM command descriptions for further information. All operation commands ( SADD , SMULT , SSUM , etc.) work only on the selected elements. ANSYS does not update element table entries automatically when a different set of results is read into the database. An element table output listing displays headers which indicate the status of each column relative to for Gay Equality the current database. CURRENT indicates that the column data is from the girl rape porn current database, PREVIOUS indicates that it is from a previous database, and The Fight, MIXED indicates that it results from an operation between previous and current data. (Once a column is labeled mixed, it will not change status unless you erase or redefine it with all elements selected.) The following commands cause column headers to change from CURRENT to Abuse Case Analysis Essay PREVIOUS: The ETABLE ,REFL option, which refills (updates) the element table with values currently in the database, does not affect calculated items. In the above double-the-UX example, if you read in a different set of The Fight for Gay, results and then issue ETABLE only the ABC column will be updated (current status). The ABC2 column remains as is (keeps its previous status).
You can use the fact that ANSYS does not update the element table automatically after a new SET command to good advantage: for example, to compare element results between two or more load steps, or even between two or more analyses . The following CALC module commands apply to calculations using the element table: The SABS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableAbs Value Option ) causes absolute values to be used in subsequent element table operations. Rogers? The SADD command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableAdd Items ) adds two specified columns in The Fight for Gay Essay the element table. Rogers? The SALLOW command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety Factor factor type ) defines allowable stresses for safety factor calculations. The SEXP command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableExponentiate ) exponentiates and multiplies two columns in the element table. The SFACT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorRestore NodeStrs or Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorSF for Node Strs ) defines which safety factor calculations will be performed during subsequent display, select, or sort operations. The SFCALC command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorSF for ElemTable ) calculates safety factors (for ETABLE items). The Fight? The SMAX command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableFind Maximum ) compares and stores the antacid potency maximum of two columns. The Fight Essay? The SMIN command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableFind Minimum ) compares and stores the self carl rogers minimum of two columns. The SMULT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableMultiply) multiplies two specified columns in The Fight for Gay Essay the element table. The SSUM command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableSum of antacid potency, Each Item ) calculates and The Fight for Gay Equality Essay, prints the measuring energy sum of each element table column. The TALLOW command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorReset Temps or Main MenuGeneral PostprocSafety FactorTemp-depend ) defines the temperature table for safety factor calculations.
The VCROSS command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableCross Product ) calculates the cross product of two vectors stored in the element table. The VDOT command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElement TableDot Product ) calculates the dot product of two vectors stored in for Gay Equality Essay the element table. 5.4.3 Creating and Combining Load Cases. A load case is youth gangs in canada, a set of results data that has been assigned an arbitrary reference number. For instance, you can define the set of results at Equality Essay load step 2, substep 5 as load case number 1 , the set of energy in food, results at The Fight for Gay time=9.32 as load case number 2 , and girl rape porn, so on. The Fight Equality? You can define up to 99 load cases, but you can store only one load case in the database at a time. A load case combination is an antacid potency, operation between load cases, typically between the load case currently in the database and a load case on a separate results file (or on the load case file , explained later). The outcome of the operation overwrites the The Fight Equality Essay results portion of the database, which permits you to display and list the load case combination. A typical load case combination involves the carl rogers following steps: 1. Define load cases using the LCDEF command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseCreate Load Case ). 2. Read one of the load cases into the database using the for Gay Essay LCASE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseRead Load Case ).
3. Perform the youth gangs in canada desired operation using the LCOPER command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad Case operation ) . As an example, suppose the The Fight Equality results file contains results for several load steps, and define polluted, you want to compare load steps 5 and 7 and store the maximum in The Fight Equality memory. The commands to in food do this would look like this: The database now contains the maximum of the The Fight for Gay two load cases, and you can perform any desired postprocessing function. Note -Load case operations ( LCOPER ) are performed only on the raw solution results in the solution coordinate system. The solution results are: Element component stresses and strains in the element coordinate systems Nodal degree-of-freedom values, forces and reaction forces in the nodal coordinate systems To have a load case operation act on concept the principal/equivalent stresses instead of the component stresses, issue the The Fight for Gay Equality SUMTYPE ,PRIN command. It is important that you know how load case operations are performed. Girl Rape Porn? Many load case operations, such as mode combinations, involve squaring, which renders the solution results unsuitable for transformation to the results coordinate system, typically the Global Cartesian, and unsuitable for performing nodal or element averages. A typical postprocessing function such as printing or displaying average nodal stresses [ PRNSOL , PLNSOL ], for The Fight example, involves both a coordinate system transformation to the results coordinate system and a nodal average. Furthermore, unless SUMTYPE ,PRIN has been requested, principal/ equivalent stresses are not meaningful when computed from energy, squared component values.
Therefore, it is recommended that you use only untransformed [ RSYS ,SOLU], unaveraged [ PRESOL , PLESOL ] results whenever you perform a squaring operation, such as in a spectrum (SPRS, PSD) analysis. writing the for Gay data to rogers a load case file appending the data to the results file. Use the The Fight for Gay LCWRITE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseWrite Load Case ) to write the load case currently in memory to a load case file. The file is named Jobname. L nn , where nn is the load case number you assign. Using nn in subsequent load case combinations will refer to the load case stored on youth gangs in canada the load case file. The following example illustrates the use of the LCWRITE command: Using the RAPPND command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocWrite Results ), you can append the load case currently in memory to Equality Essay the results file. The data are stored on the results file just like any other results data set except that:
You, not the program, assign the load step and girl rape porn, substep numbers used to identify the data. Only summable and constant data are available by default; non-summable data are not written to the results file unless requested ( LCSUM command). The following example illustrates use of the RAPPND command: Tip: You can use the RAPPND command to for Gay Equality combine results from two results files (created with the same database.) You can use the POST1 FILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocData File Opts ) to toggle between the define polluted two results files to alternately store results from one and Equality, append to the other. You can define a load case by setting a pointer to a load case file with the LCFILE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseCreate Load Case ). Self Concept Carl Rogers? Then, you can use the LCASE or LCOPER commands to read data from the file into memory. You can erase any load case by issuing LCDEF , LCNO ,ERASE, where LCNO is the load case number. To erase all load cases, issue LCDEF ,ERASE. These options not only delete all load case pointers, but also delete the appropriate load case files (those with the default file name extensions). For Gay Essay? To zero the results portion of the energy in food database, issue LCZERO ( Main Menu General PostprocLoad CaseZero Load Case ) or LCOPER ,ZERO . Equality? The LCABS and LCFACT commands ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseAbsolut Value and define polluted, Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseScale Factor ), allow you to specify absolute values and scale factors for specific load cases. The program uses these specifications when you issue either LCASE or LCOPER . ANSYS applies scale factors after it calculates absolute values. Results data read into the database from the The Fight for Gay Equality Essay results file (via SET or LCASE commands) will include boundary condition information (constraints and force loads).
However, load cases read in from a load case file will not. Therefore, if boundary conditions appear on graphics displays after you issue an LCASE command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseRead Load Case ), they are from a previously processed load case. The LCASE command does not reset the boundary condition information in memory. Define Polluted? After a load case combination is performed for structural line elements, the principal stress data are not automatically updated in the database. Issue LCOPER ,LPRIN to recalculate line element principal stresses based on the current component stress values.
You can select a subset of load cases using the LCSEL command ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocLoad CaseSele Ld Cases ). Once a subset is selected, you can use the label ALL in place of a load case number on load case operations. The Fight Equality Essay? You cannot use load case combinations with FLOTRAN results data. 188.8.131.52 Combining Load Cases in antacid potency Harmonic Element Models. 184.108.40.206 Summable, Non-Summable, and Constant Data. Load case combinations (using LCOPER ). The Fight For Gay Equality Essay? Reading in define polluted a load case with active scale factors (using LCFACT or LCASE ). Reading in results data and modifying them using the FACT or ANGLE field on The Fight for Gay Equality the SET command. Define Polluted? Summable data are those that can participate in the database operations. All primary data (DOF solutions) are considered summable.
Among the derived data, component stresses, elastic strains, thermal gradients and for Gay Equality, fluxes, magnetic flux density, etc. are considered summable (see Table 5-4). Define Polluted? (For an inclusive list of summable data, see the description of the Equality Essay ETABLE command in the ANSYS Commands Reference . ) Note -Sometimes, combining summable data may result in meaningless results. For example, adding nodal temperatures from two load cases of a linear, pure-conduction analysis gives meaningful results, but if convection is involved, the addition of temperatures is not meaningful. Therefore, exercise your engineering judgement when reviewing combined load cases. Non-summable data are those that are not valid for linear superposition, such as nonlinear data (plastic strains, hydrostatic pressures), thermal strains, magnetic forces, Joule heat, etc. (see Table 5-5). These data are simply set to zero when the programs performs a database operation. You may combine non-summable data using LCSUM,ALL before your LCOPER commands, but you are cautioned on define polluted interpreting these values appropriately. Constant data are those that cannot be meaningfully combined, such as element volumes and element centroidal coordinates (see Table 5-6). The Fight? These data are held constant (unchanged) when the program performs a database operation. Table 5-4 Examples of summable POST1 results.
5.4.4 Mapping Results onto a Different Mesh or to concept rogers a Cut Boundary. POST1 offers two options for Equality Essay mapping results to a different mesh: Main MenuGeneral PostprocSubmodelingInterpolate DOF. Main MenuGeneral PostprocSubmodelingInterp Body Forc. The CBDOF command maps degree-of-freedom results from the coarse model to the cut boundaries of the in canada submodel. BFINT maps body force loads (mainly temperatures for a structural analysis) from the coarse model to the submodel. Both commands require a file of nodes to which results are to be mapped, and both commands write a file of appropriate load commands. These mapping functions or commands do not apply to offsets used with SHELL91 or SHELL99 (KEYOPT(11)0]. Details of the submodeling technique are presented in the ANSYS Advanced Analysis Techniques Guide . 5.4.5 Creating or Modifying Results Data in Equality the Database. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElem Results. Main MenuGeneral PostprocElemTabl Data.
Main MenuGeneral PostprocNodal Results. Once the data are defined, you can use almost any postprocessing function: graphics displays, tabular listings, path operations, etc. Note -Issuing the DNSOL command requires that you have placed the data type (stress/strain) in antacid potency the element nodal records. To get around this requirement, use the DESOL command to add a dummy element stress/strain record. ANSYS performs all load case combinations in the solution coordinate system, and the data resulting from load case combinations are stored in the solution coordinate system. For Gay Equality Essay? The resultant data are then transformed to the active results coordinate system when listed or displayed. Therefore, unless RSYS ,SOLU is set (no transformation of define polluted, results data), you may see some unexpected results such as negative values after a square operation or negative values even when you request absolute values. This feature is mainly intended for reading in data from your own, special-purpose program. The Fight Essay? By writing output data from that program in the form of the above commands, you can read them into POST1 and process them the same way you would ANSYS results. If you do have an ANSYS results file, it will not be affected by gangs, these commands. CURR2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcCurrent ) calculates current flow in Equality a two-dimensional conductor.
EMAGERR ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Error Eval ) calculates the relative error in an electrostatic or electromagnetic field analysis. EMF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcEMF ) calculates the electromotive force (emf) or voltage drop along a predefined path. FLUXV ( Main Menu General PostprocElecMag CalcPath Flux ) calculates the flux passing through a closed contour. FMAGBC ( Main MenuPreprocessorLoadsApplyFlag Comp. Antacid Potency? Force ) applies force boundary conditions to an element component. FMAGSUM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Comp.
Force ) summarizes electromagnetic force calculations on element components. Equality Essay? FOR2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcMag Forces ) calculates magnetic forces on a body. HFSWEEP ( Main MenuSolutionElectromagnetFreq Sweep ) performs a harmonic response (over a range of frequencies) for antacid potency a high-frequency electromagnetic waveguide analysis, and performs postprocessing calculations. HMAGSOLV ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Harmonic Analys-OptSolv ) specifies 2-D harmonic electromagnetic solution options and initiates the solution for a harmonic analysis. IMPD ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcImpedance ) calculates the impedance of a device at a particular reference plane. LMATRIX ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Static Analysis- Induct Matrix ) calculates the inductance matrix for an arbitrary set of conductors. MAGSOLV ( Main MenuSolution-Solve-Electromagnet-Static Analysis-OptSolv ) specifies magnetic solution options and The Fight for Gay Equality, initiates the solution for a static analysis. MMF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcMMF ) calculates magnetomotive force along a path. PERBC2D ( Main MenuSolutionApplyBoundaryPeriodic BCs ) generates periodic constraints for 2-D planar analysis. PLF2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocPlot Results2D Flux Lines ) generates a contour line plot of equipotentials.
PMGTRAN ( Main MenuTimeHist PostproElecMagMagnetics ) summarizes electromagnetic results from a transient analysis. POWERH ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Power Loss ) calculates the girl rape porn RMS power loss in a conducting body. QFACT ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcQ-factor ) calculates the The Fight for Gay Equality quality factor for high-frequency electromagnetic resonators from a mode-frequency solution. RACE ( Main MenuPreprocessorCreateRacetrack Coil ) defines a racetrack current source. REFLCOEF ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc ReflCoeff ) calculates the voltage reflection coefficient, standing wave ratio (VSWR), and measuring, return loss in a coaxial device. The Fight For Gay? SENERGY ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcEnergy ) determines the stored magnetic energy or co-energy. Define Polluted? SPARM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc S-Parameters ) calculates the scattering parameters between two ports of a rectangular waveguide with a TE10 mode excitation or a coaxial waveguide. SRCS ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcTerminal Par ) calculates terminal parameters for a stranded coil in The Fight Equality a linear analysis. TORQ2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag CalcTorque ) calculates torque on a body in girl rape porn a magnetic field.
TORQC2D ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElecMag Calc Circular Torq ) calculates torque on a body in a magnetic field based on The Fight for Gay Equality Essay a circular path. TORQSUM ( Main MenuGeneral PostprocElec Mag Calc-2D-Comp. Torque ) summarizes electromagnetic Maxwell and energy in food, Virtual work torque calculations on for Gay Equality element components for 2-D planar problems. See Chapter 11 of the ANSYS Electromagnetic Field Analysis Guide for more information on ANSYS magnetic command macros.
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Essay on City Life vs. Village Life (2465 words) Essay on City Life vs. Village Life! One of the most striking features of industrial age is the Essay growth of city life. In ancient times the people mostly lived in in canada villages being engaged in agriculture. Cities arose here and there as centres of trade or seats of government. Today in all industrialized countries the situation has been reversed.
The urban population in England and the United States has expanded continuously over the rural population. New facilities of transport and communication have brought thousands of people nearer to each other and made it convenient for them to live together in large aggregations. The growth of cities is a special feature of modern age and as the city grows the whole character of society undergoes a change. There is a sharp difference between the city and village life though with the expansion of urban influence on The Fight Essay, the village this difference is becoming more and more a matter of degree. However, in spite of the recent trends of urbanisation the Abuse Case villages still retain many of their traditional features and present a sharp contrast with the urban life. In rural community the force of traditional mores and the bonds of family solidarity are more dominant than in the urban community. The Fight For Gay Essay? According to define polluted, Biesanz and Biesanz, “In the rural community custom is the king, the folkways and mores control most of The Fight for Gay Essay, behaviour,” The sense of define polluted, group responsibility which tends to be more and more dissolved in the growth of the city prevails in village life. The type of village family is generally patriarchal in which the status of the The Fight Essay individual is the status of his family. There is less individual questioning and energy in food rebellion. The family determines as to whether and whom the individual should marry for the maintenance of family name.
There is lesser freedom in the selection of life partner. There are few love-marriages. Not only marriage but also religion, recreation, occupation pre determined by family traditions. The Fight For Gay Essay? Any deviation from the establish-id family traditions especially in sex matters, is regarded an offence against family unity and hardly tolerated. The life of all men and women is define polluted merged in family life. In short, family dominates individual’s life in village community.
Moreover, the The Fight for Gay Equality Essay village community is too small to support a missionary society, like a Rotary Club. The family is the only organisation which performs the define polluted task of aid and protection. For such functions there is no formal organisation with a president and secretary. On the other hand, in the city community life is for Gay Equality Essay conspicuous by the absence of family life. Antacid Potency? The anonymous character of the city frees the urban dweller from close moral control. Social control becomes the activity of specialized agencies. Family control is lessened. Police and courts, teachers and social workers take over the regulatory functions of the family circle. A “free lance” detached from family bonds is looked askance at in the for Gay village while such a person, even his norms of conduct, sexual and otherwise may pass unnoticed in Abuse Intervention Essay the city and be admitted to those places where high class gentry goes. If a person violates family marriage customs he- is not boycotted by the urban community, an impersonalized world.
According to Davis, “He can escape the oppressive control of any primary group when he wishes, simply by disappearing into the sea of strangers.” It may also be noted that the urban life is more regulated by the State than the rural life is regulated. The Fight? Even minor matters like disposal of garbage and refuse cannot be left to voluntary action. The government acquires many functions, some of which are community housekeeping duties. Thus, in a city as opposed to carl rogers, the village the mores and folkways are least counted on to handle the situation. In other words, the larger the city, the Equality greater becomes the problem of control and the more complex the agencies of secondary control. Secondly, a village community is marked by immediate contacts between its members. There is a strong ‘we-feeling’ in the rural community. We find members in a village community helping each other and sharing the joys and antacid potency sorrows of each other.
In the village everybody is known to everybody. Their relations are personal. Customers are not mere strangers but persons with whom all are acquainted. From such contacts each person knows a great deal about his neighbours, their activities, preferences and attitudes. Status of each one in the village community is well known. Written contracts are less important than a word of honour. Crime in Equality village community is Abuse Intervention Case Analysis Essay rare.
Since there is little secrecy, stolen goods cannot be used and are difficult to dispose of. Essay? Things are done by mutual understanding. Youth Gangs In Canada? In city life, on the other hand, nearness counts much less. The inhabitants of a city hardly know each other. Sometimes, they do not know even their next-door neighbour nothing to Equality Essay, speak of influencing their activities. In a big city like Bombay people living in Abuse Case Essay the lower storey do not know the people living in the third or fourth storey. There is an atmosphere of indifference and callousness in a city. In a city like Calcutta, an inhabitant may spend a whole day in the street and never see a person he knows, though he may see tens of thousands of for Gay Essay, people. Even friend are likely to be known only in a particular context and in a particular segment of life. Youth Gangs In Canada? In the words of Gist and The Fight Equality Halbert, ‘The city encourages impersonal rather than personal relationships.” Most of the relations are indirect.
Competition has a far greater velocity in the city than in rogers the village. Life in a village community is simple and uniform. There are few ambitious men and fewer excitements. The villagers lead a uniform life tilling land and rearing animals. Their standard of living is lower than that of the town because the means of earning money are limited. They view land as the most substantial of all heritages. Agriculture is their major occupation.
When oppressive taxes or other measures threaten their ownership of land, they align themselves with radical movements as happened in Soviet Russia. The standard of living of the urban people is higher. They are more prodigal than the village people. Country life suggests ‘save’, City life suggests ‘spend’. The poor turning rich overnight or the The Fight for Gay Essay rich being reduced to beggary in one day are cases unknown in the village.
The man of enterprise and antacid potency adventurous spirit has no place in rural community. The city dweller becomes indifferent to extremes of all kinds. The Fight Equality? Indeed the distinction between public and private, between what is girl rape porn shown and what is concealed, is much sharper in the city. It is the public behaviour that the city regulates, the private behaviour it ignores. Another contrast between village and urban community is concerning the modes of The Fight, production. Define Polluted? In the village as a rule, only a predominant type of occupation, Le., agriculture prevails. Each family bakes its own bread and does its own washing, for all the environment, physical as well as social, is the same. The Fight For Gay Equality Essay? The city, on the other hand, is the place for all, the semiskilled worker, the skilled artisan, the “paper-expert”, the technician, the artist, the banker, the teacher, the antacid potency social reformer and many others. It is a heterogeneous group of people engaged in various pursuits. For Gay? The city tasks are divided and sub-divided to such an define polluted, extreme that even the work of unskilled labour becomes specialized.
The trend in the urban world is clearly in the direction of a larger percentage of specialized work leading to a multiplicity of organisations, economic and social. The residents of a city become affiliated with a number of organisations. Their social relations are mostly indirect and secondary. Members of a single family frequently belong to different organisations. Since these various organisations have different customs and procedures, there is for Gay Equality opportunity for antacid potency, confusion and lack of understanding. The process of selection for the specialized work is keener.
The management selects those who are best specialized in the work and ruthlessly reject all those who fall below the competitive standard. The owner of special ability has greater chances of quick promotion. Equality Essay? The individual is rated more in measuring in food terms of accomplishments than he is rated in the rural community. The city sifts and segregates all of the members according to their ability and finds a fit place for each. It provides public schools for the wealthy and private schools for the poor. It also provides distinctive schools for elementary, higher, technical, cultural and professional education. It even provides separate schools for defective persons, e.g.
Deaf and Dumb school. The city requires and promotes great social mobility. It lays emphasis on The Fight for Gay Essay, achievement rather than the ascription of status. The urban dweller can raise or lower his status to a remarkable degree during his life time. The caste element in social stratification is minimized.
Status centres on the occupation, on the nature and antacid potency competence of the activity, rather than on the accident of birth. As opposed to the village in a city social climbing is most prevalent. Sorokin and Zimmermann have written, “The rural community is The Fight similar to calm waters in a pool and the urban community to boiling water in a kettle. Stability is the typical trait for the one mobility is the typical trait for the other.” Specialization is also seen in the physical structure of the city. Girl Rape Porn? Distinctive areas are marked for different activities. Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab State, has been divided into different sectors, each sector with marked peculiarities. In the western world specialization of areas has been carried to a greater extent than in India. The structure varies from city to for Gay Essay, city in accordance with the size, site and needs, of the city, but generally everywhere in the western world there is a clear division of space into zones of business activity, of low rentals and concept carl rogers residential congestion, of transitory abode, of “middle-class” residence, of industrial concentration, and The Fight for Gay Essay so forth. Specialization in the city has also influenced the life of women.
If the antacid potency social life had remained predominantly a village life, women would have been the The Fight Equality drudges in self concept the household. The Fight For Gay Equality? Industrialization and specialization have brought women to workshop and factory. They have entered into the wider life which has altered their outlook and habits and liberated them from the exclusiveness of domesticity. As MacIver observes, ‘The individualization of women has been fostered by urban life and the resulting freer reciprocity of relationship between men and women, as individuals, is exercising and will doubtless continue to exercise, since the process is still advancing, a significant influence on the whole structure of society.” The city community evokes in man the qualities which stand in sharp contrast with those demanded by rural community. The village calls for persistence, a more stern and dogged fidelity to the way of life. He is fatalistic and is in constant contact with nature.
He sees nature as the self concept carl rogers practical worker who must wrest a living from the soil. He sees nature as friend and enemy, as the ripened of crops and sender of rains. The forces of nature are beyond his control and reckoning. The Fight Equality Essay? He is attached to- rituals and becomes superstitious and measuring in food religious. The city requires alertness and quicker responses to changing situations. The city dweller is more tolerant in matters of religious beliefs, modes of life, tastes and opinions. According to Bogardus, “Rural people are frank, open and genuine; they scorn the artificiality or many phases of city life.” The city is ruled by impersonality of law and the caprice of fashion.
In a rural community the rural moral codes are fixed and strict. The Fight? Any violation of them leads to bitter estrangements and sometimes to personal tragedies. In a rural community there is much mutual aid. If a house is to be mud plastered, a feast given or a sickness nursed, the neighbours come in to help. There is an Drug Intervention Analysis, atmosphere of kindliness. There is a good deal of visiting, several times daily, between the people.
In an urban community there is no strong ‘we feeling’. The absence of a common mode of occupation and the great impersonality of city life narrow the urbanite’s attachments and detract from his feeling of identification with the whole community. The secondary and voluntary character of The Fight, urban association, the multiplicity of opportunities, and the social mobility all force the individual to make his own decisions and to plan his life as a career. The city instead of suppressing the individuality emphasizes it. The competitiveness of the measuring energy in food city places the individual over against The Fight for Gay Essay everyone else he is not inexorably tied to any particular relationship or cause. He leaves one city to live in Drug Abuse Case another city and does not feel any loss; but a countryman when uprooted from his village surroundings sheds tears from his eyes. Economic advancement and abundance of opportunities are common incentives of the city.
The young men and women leave the rural community for urban community because the latter affords those more opportunities for employment and profits. But sometimes the men coming from the village may have to face disappointment and despair in the city. So one should leave the village for city after a deep and careful thought. The above are then the features that distinguish rural from The Fight Equality urban life. In the city “opposite conditions are found”, aggregation ; instead of physical isolation; associations of many kind’s supplementing or supplanting the antacid potency functions of family or categorical relationships; contacts with human beings and civilization diversity superseding contacts with nature; differentiation of economic classes and specialization of economic tasks, ranking and grading men in ways often unknown in the country; limited and intensified work, with its endless varieties and disparities of The Fight Essay, opportunity and of fortune creating an intricate design of competitive living traditionally alien to the rural sense.” It may, however, be pointed out that urbanization of the rural population has reduced the differences between rural and urban community. The urban influence on the rural people can be seen in matters like social organisation, family organisation, food habits, standard of living, dress habits, cosmetics, religion, rituals, beliefs etc. The rural people are taking over the urban modes of life and as this has been happening, the rural way of life has been withering away.
The more the villages are linked with the city through modes of transport and communication, the faster will be the urban influence on the rural life. This may lead to assimilation of the rural people into Drug Abuse Intervention Case Analysis Essay, the urban way of life thereby eliminating the attitudinal and other cultural differences between townsmen and countrymen. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on The Fight Equality Essay, this site, please read the define polluted following pages: