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An Analytical Summary Of Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Philosophy Essay

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Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay

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An Analytical Summary Of Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Philosophy Essay

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An Analytical Summary Of Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Philosophy Essay

Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of Leviathan, growth layers in tusks. Ages of printing marine mammals have traditionally been estimated by counting dentinal growth layers in teeth. However, this method is difficult to use on narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) because of their special tooth structures. Alternative methods are therefore needed. The aspartic acid racemization (AAR) technique has been used in Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, age estimation studies of cetaceans, including narwhals. Essay Overcrowding. The purpose of this study was to estimate a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals by regressing aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei against growth layer groups in tusks ( n =9). Two racemization rates were estimated: one by linear regression ( r 2 =0.98) based on the assumption that age was known without error, and one based on a bootstrap study, taking into account the uncertainty in the age estimation ( r 2 between 0.88 and 0.98). The two estimated 2 k Asp values were identical up to two significant figures. The 2 k Asp value from the Hobbes, bootstrap study was found to be 0.00229±0.000089 SE, which corresponds to a racemization rate of 0.00114 ?yr ±0.000044 SE.

The intercept of 0.0580±0.00185 SE corresponds to twice the ( d/l ) 0 value, which is then 0.0290±0.00093 SE. We propose that this species-specific racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value be used in future AAR age estimation studies of great gatsby narwhals, but also recommend the collection of tusks and eyes of narwhals for further improving the by Thomas Hobbes, ( d/l ) 0 and 2 k Asp estimates obtained in handicapped 1975, this study. The tusk of the narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) was previously thought to by Thomas Essay, be the long horn of a mythical creature: the unicorn. It was mysteriously beautiful and its horn was said to neutralize poison. The royal throne of lobotomy Denmark (1662) was made of 15 “unicorn horns”, which were of tremendous value. Back then, as today, narwhals were hunted for their valuable tusks. Today, only Inuit in Greenland and Canada are allowed to hunt narwhals, and the hunt is managed in Essay, both countries (NAMMCO 2009 NAMMCO (North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission). 2009 . Annual report 2009. TromsoNorway : North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission . [Google Scholar] ). Ongoing studies of migration patterns (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 2003 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Dietz R . Laidre K.L . Gatsby Food. Richard P . Orr J . Schmidt H.C . The migratory behaviour of narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2003 ; 81: 1298 – 1305 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), population sizes (Heide-Jorgensen et al.

2010 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Laidre K.L . Burt M.L . Borchers D.L . Marques T.A . Hansen R.G . Rasmussen M . Fossette S . By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Abundance of narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) on about the hunting grounds in Greenland . Journal of Mammalogy. 2010 ; 91: 1135 – 1151 . By Thomas Hobbes Essay. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Richard et al. 2010 Richard P.R . Laake J.L . Hobbs R.C . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Asselin N.C . Cleator H . Baffin Bay narwhal distribution and numbers: aerial surveys in the Canadian High Arctic, 2002–04 . Lobotomy. Arctic. 2010 ; 63: 85 – 99 . [Google Scholar] ) and Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes life history (Garde et al. Education For All. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. By Thomas Essay. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Administrators. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) of narwhals contribute to understanding the underlying population dynamics of this exploited species (Reeves Heide-Jorgensen 1994 Reeves R.R . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Commercial aspects of the exploitation of narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) in Greenland, with emphasis on tusk exports . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 119 – 134 . [Google Scholar] ). Sustainable harvest levels are usually calculated from population dynamics models where survival and reproductive rates, based on reliable age distributions, are vital (Kingsley 1989 Kingsley M . Population dynamics of the Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, narwhal Monodon monoceros : an initial assessment (Odontoceti: Monodontidae) . Printing. Journal of Leviathan, Zoology. 1989 ; 219: 201 – 208 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Estimation of life history parameters for narwhals has been hindered by the lack of public definition a reliable age estimation technique. Without such a technique, it is Leviathan, by Thomas difficult to parameterize rates of body growth, age at sexual maturity, longevity and survival rates of the whales.

Traditionally, ages of marine mammals have been estimated by transorbital lobotomy counting dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) in teeth, usually consisting of an opaque and Leviathan, a translucent layer deposited annually (Dietz et al. 1991 Dietz R . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Lobotomy. Harkonen T . Teilmann J . Valentin N . Age determination of European harbour seals Phoca vitulina L . Sarsia. 1991 ; 76: 17 – 21 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Larsen A . Teilmann J . Neurohr B . Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 187 – 193 . [Google Scholar] ; Stewart et al. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Campana S.E . Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2006 ; 84: 1840 – 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Lockyer et al. 2007 Lockyer C . Hohn A.A . Doidge D.W . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Suydam R . Age determination in belugas ( Delphinapterus leucas )—a quest for validation of dentinal layering . Aquatic Mammals. 2007 ; 33: 293 – 304 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Narwhals are born with two maxillary, elongated teeth embedded in the upper jaw. The left tooth erupts through the transorbital lobotomy, lip in males, and as the whale grows older this becomes a long, spiralled tusk (Hay Mansfield 1989 Hay K.A . Mansfield A.W . Narwhal— Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 . Handbook of marine mammals.

Ridgway S.H . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Harrison R . Academic Press . London , 1989 ; 145 – 176 . [Google Scholar] ). Normally, the right tooth remains inside the maxilla in males. In females, both teeth usually stay embedded in the maxillae. Anomalies such as females with tusks or males without a tusk or with two tusks are reported in the literature but occur infrequently in narwhal populations (Hay Mansfield 1989 Hay K.A . Mansfield A.W . Narwhal— Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 . Handbook of for all children’s marine mammals. Ridgway S.H . Harrison R . Academic Press . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay. London , 1989 ; 145 – 176 . [Google Scholar] ). Lobotomy. Besides being expensive to purchase and Leviathan, by Thomas Essay difficult to prepare for counting GLGs, tusks almost exclusively represent only the male part of the population. Attempts have been made to estimate age by counting GLGs in embedded teeth. However, due to occlusion of the pulp cavity and definition thereby cessation of deposition of growth layers, only a minimum estimate of Leviathan, Hobbes Essay age can be obtained from crime in the 1920s, these teeth for adults; reliable estimates can be obtained only for young individuals (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue.

1980 ; 3: 119 – 132 . [Google Scholar] ). A different method is needed to by Thomas Hobbes Essay, obtain age estimates for revolution, the mature component of the narwhal population, including both males and females. The aspartic acid racemization (AAR) technique has been used in several age estimation studies of cetaceans (Nerini 1983 Nerini M.K . Age determination of fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) based upon aspartic acid racemization in the lens nucleus . Report of the Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, International Whaling Commission. 1983 ; 33: 447 – 448 . Printing. [Google Scholar] ; George et al. 1999 George J.C . Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Suydam R . Age and growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1999 ; 77: 571 – 580 . [Google Scholar] ; Olsen Sunde 2002 Olsen E . Sunde J . Age determination of minke whales ( Balaenoptera acutorostrata ) using the aspartic acid racemization technique . Sarsia. 2002 ; 87: 1 – 8 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). This technique relies on the fact that in metabolically inactive tissues, the Leviathan,, l -form of aspartic acid converts to the d -form at a constant rate over time, a process known as racemization (Masters et al. Revolution. 1977 Masters P.M . By Thomas Hobbes. Bada J.L . Printing Revolution. Zigler J.S . Aspartic acid racemization in by Thomas, the human lens during ageing and in cataract formation . Nature.

1977 ; 268: 71 – 73 . Essay Overcrowding. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The age of an Essay individual can be estimated when the crime in the 1920s, rate of racemization, the initial ( d/l ) 0 value for the species and the individual d/l ratio are known. The most stable proteins of the body are found in Hobbes Essay, teeth and eye lens nuclei, and that is why these tissues are often used in AAR age estimation studies (Bada et al. Transorbital. 1980 Bada J.L . Brown S . Masters P.M . Age determination of marine mammals based on aspartic acid racemization in the teeth and Leviathan, by Thomas lens nucleus . Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. 1980 ; 3: 113 – 118 . [Google Scholar] ). Bada et al. ( 1983 Bada J.L . Mitchell E . Kemper B . Aspartic acid racemization in narwhal teeth . Nature. 1983 ; 303: 418 – 420 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Education Handicapped Children’s 1975. Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. Leviathan,. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Gatsby Food. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) used AAR to estimate ages of narwhals from teeth and eye lens nuclei. Bada et al. ( 1983 Bada J.L . Mitchell E . Kemper B . Aspartic acid racemization in narwhal teeth . Nature.

1983 ; 303: 418 – 420 . Hobbes Essay. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Revolution. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) used the human racemization rate in teeth, whereas Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes. Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of gatsby food Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) estimated a rate based on a combination of narwhal and by Thomas Hobbes fin whale ( Balaenoptera physalus ) data. The rate of racemization has been shown to differ among species, mainly driven by core body temperature (Garde 2011 Garde E . Education Handicapped Act Of 1975. 2011 . Past and present population dynamics of Leviathan, Hobbes narwhals Monodon monoceros . PhD thesis, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of transorbital Copenhagen . [Google Scholar] ; Rosa et al. 2012 Rosa C , Zeh J , George J.C , Botta O , Zauscher M , Bada J . O'Hara, T.M . By Thomas. 2012 . Age estimates based on aspartic acid racemization for Essay Overcrowding, bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) harvested in Leviathan, Hobbes, 1998–2000 and the relationship between racemization rate and body temperature . Marine Mammal Science. doi: 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). It is therefore important to estimate a specific racemization rate for the narwhal based directly on narwhal data. The purpose of this study was to estimate a species-specific racemization rate for the narwhal by Essay about Prison regression of GLGs in tusks against aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei. Essay. We anticipate that this rate will be useful in future large-scale studies of life history and population dynamics of narwhal populations. Tusks and both matching eyes from 11 narwhals were purchased from the Inuit hunt in north-west and East Greenland in the period September 2006–November 2010 (Table 1). Eye samples from public definition, two whales (ID nos. 4080 and 4084) were discarded as it was uncertain whether the tusk and eyes came from the same individual. Eight of the remaining nine whales were males. We believe the ninth whale (ID no.

4075) was a female: the Inuit hunter that caught this individual also provided ovaries together with the tusk and eyes. Body lengths of the whales ranged from 306 to Hobbes, 491 cm (Table 1). Aspartic acid racemization rate in lobotomy, narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of growth layers in tusks. Table 1 Data on the 11 narwhals from North Greenland (NGl), West Greenland (WGl) and East Greenland (EGl) used in Hobbes Essay, this study. Note that tusks nos. Administrators. 4080, 4084 and 953 were received with ca. 5, 6 and Leviathan, Essay 7 cm, respectively, cut off the definition, bases. These missing centimetres are added to the total length of the tusks in Essay, the table. Also, it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was present in Overcrowding, tusk no. 956 Growth layer group is Leviathan, by Thomas abbreviated to GLG.

Tusk preparation and counting of dentinal GLGs. Total tusk length, external tusk length (portion protruding from the melon of the whale), tusk mass, tusk diameter at the melon front, total length of the Essay about Prison Overcrowding, pulp cavity and diameter of the pulp cavity at the melon front were measured (Table 1). Some tusks were purchased while still embedded in the skull, and these were removed after gentle maceration of the skull in 38°C water for five days. Each tusk was cut into two longitudinal sections using a jigsaw (Fig. 1). The surfaces were polished using sheets of very fine sandpaper, and the tusks were placed in a wooden container lined with plastic where they were soaked in 12% acetic acid for four–five days, after which they were rinsed with water and Leviathan, by Thomas Essay left to dry for lobotomy, one day. This procedure made individual GLGs more visible by Leviathan, by Thomas revealing troughs and ridges, thereby facilitating counting. Growth layers were counted, and their individual widths were measured with a digital micrometer in order to transorbital, estimate a standard width of GLG that might help in identifying GLGs and rejecting secondary lines. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of growth layers in tusks. Fig.

1 (a) Root of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes proximal part of tusk no. 4076 with a cementum layer, dentinal growth layers and a small pulp cavity. (b) Apical tip (distal part) of tusk no. 4080 with neonatal line, first three dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) and for all handicapped children’s act of a large pulp cavity. (c) Detail of narwhal tusk no. 4076 showing dentinal GLGs (black ring), thin layers in cementum (white ring) and nodes or marks in the cementum at the origin of the Leviathan, Essay, dentinal GLGs (black arrows). Fig. 1 (a) Root of proximal part of gatsby tusk no. Hobbes Essay. 4076 with a cementum layer, dentinal growth layers and a small pulp cavity. (b) Apical tip (distal part) of Essay about tusk no. Leviathan, By Thomas. 4080 with neonatal line, first three dentinal growth layer groups (GLGs) and a large pulp cavity. Revolution. (c) Detail of narwhal tusk no. 4076 showing dentinal GLGs (black ring), thin layers in cementum (white ring) and nodes or marks in the cementum at the origin of the dentinal GLGs (black arrows).

It was noted whether the neonatal line, the tip and the root of the proximal part of the tusk (the part originally located within the head of the whale) were present (Fig. 1a, b). A single, experienced tooth-reader trained in reading beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) and narwhal teeth (not tusks) was chosen to read the narwhal tusks as less-experienced tooth-readers of harp seal ( Pagophilus groenlandicus ) teeth have been shown to be less accurate and more negatively biased (Garde et al. Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes. 2010 Garde E . Frie A.K . Dunshea G . Hansen S.H . Kovacs K.M . Lydersen C . Harp seal ageing techniques—teeth, aspartic acid racemization, and telomere sequence analysis . Journal of Mammalogy. 2010 ; 91: 1365 – 1374 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Frie et al. 2011 Frie A.K . Fagerheim K . Hammill M.O . Kapel F.O . Lockyer C . Stenson G.B . Rosing-Asvid A . Svetochev V . Error patterns in age estimation of harp seals ( Pagophilus groenlandicus ): results from a transatlantic, image-based, blind-reading experiment using known-age teeth . ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2011 ; 68: 1942 – 1953 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). GLGs were counted on both sides of each of the longitudinal sections, and each GLG was marked with a pencil for bookkeeping and to check for organized 1920s, consistency in their classification. GLGs of each of the by Thomas Hobbes, longitudinal sections were read several times, and Essay about Prison Overcrowding consistent readings with the by Thomas, most GLGs were accepted as the best estimates.

This was done to diminish the risk of un-counted GLGs due to uneven sectioning of the tusks. One GLG consisting of a small dense dark layer and a wide paler layer (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Larsen A . Teilmann J . Education For All Act Of 1975. Neurohr B . By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. About Prison. 1994 ; 39: 187 – 193 . [Google Scholar] ) was assumed to represent one year in the whale's life, as shown for the closely related beluga (Stewart et al. Leviathan, By Thomas. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Campana S.E . Gatsby. Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 2006 ; 84: 1840 – 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Often the beginning of a GLG was marked with a node in the cementum; in cases where the Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, GLGs were less discernible, this node could be used as guidance for crime in the, determining the by Thomas Hobbes, start of the GLGs (Fig. 1c). There was also some layering in the cementum, but the administrators, layers were less easy to count and the cementum appeared to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, have far fewer GLGs than the more protected dentine. Secondary lines were frequently present, and care had to administrators definition, be taken to make consistent readings of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay standard width GLGs (Fig. 1c).

Growth of the narwhal tusk is shown as a plot of tusk length (cm) versus GLGs for printing, each of the 11 narwhal tusks used in this study. Leviathan, By Thomas Essay. One GLG is printing revolution assumed to constitute one year of growth. Eye dissection and high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Eyes were frozen at ?20°C upon Leviathan, Hobbes Essay collection. In the laboratory, eye lenses were dissected out of the eyes. The lens layers surrounding the nucleus were thoroughly removed, like layers of an onion, leaving only the nucleus for further analysis (Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from printing, West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . Leviathan, By Thomas. 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). One eye, rather than both eyes, from organized in the 1920s, each whale was analysed, as no significant difference between eyes from the same individual narwhal were found in a previous study (Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Essay. Forchammer M.C . Great Gatsby Food. Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by Leviathan, Hobbes aspartic acid racemization . Journal of for all 1975 Mammalogy.

2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Hydrolysis of Leviathan, samples and analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were performed following the procedures of Zhao Bada ( 1995 Zhao M . Bada J.L . Determination of ?-dialkylamino acids and their enantiomers in transorbital lobotomy, geological samples by high-performance liquid chromatography after derivatization with a chiral adduct of o-phthaldialdehyde . Journal of Chromatography A. 1995 ; 690: 55 – 63 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and Garde et al. By Thomas Essay. ( 2007 Garde E . Great. Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Hobbes Essay. Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Administrators Definition. Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from Leviathan, by Thomas, West Greenland as estimated by transorbital lobotomy aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. Leviathan,. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). Eye lens nuclei were hydrolysed in 1 ml 6 M HCl for 6 h at 100°C. An Agilent 1100 Series HPLC system (Agilent Technologies, Walbronn, Germany) was used for the chromatography and data analysis. Detection was performed using fluorescence (excitation = 340 nm, emission = 450 nm). The column was a Zorbax Eclipse XDB-C18, 4.6?150 mm, with particle size of 3.5 ”m. The HPLC-measured d/l ratios were calibrated using series of d/l standards: 0.5/99.5, 1/99, 2/98, 5/95, 10/90 and 15/85.

This series was run at the beginning and end of each HPLC run. The measured d/l ratios from the public definition, eye lens nuclei were recalculated using the calibration equations (linear regression) for Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, the d/l standards. Narwhal racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value. Eye lens nuclei d/l ratios were regressed against the number of GLGs in tusks to obtain a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals (Table 1). Included in printing revolution, the regression were d/l ratios from Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, two near-term foetuses (=0 years old) and 13 young narwhals classified to age based on length and month of death (age range: 0.5–2.5 years old; length range: 175–298 cm; Garde et al. 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Gatsby Food. Forchammer M.C . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes. Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from Essay about, West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The slope of the regression line equals the organized crime, 2 k Asp value, corresponding to twice the racemization rate. The intercept of the line corresponds to twice the Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, ( d/l ) 0 value.

A linear regression assumes that explanatory variables are measured without error. Violation of this assumption can lead to biased results and underestimation of the standard errors. Transorbital Lobotomy. The explanatory variable is age, estimated from either length or GLG counts, both subject to error. Leviathan, Hobbes. The possible bias and revolution standard errors were quantified via bootstrapping. Each bootstrap data set was created as follows: to Hobbes Essay, the d/l ratios were added a normal random variable with mean 0 and great food SE equal to the residual SE from the ordinary regression assuming no error on the age estimates.

The age of the 15 foetuses and young whales were drawn from a uniform distribution on an interval given by the estimated age±0.5 years, and then rounded to the nearest half-integer value. For whales where age was estimated by GLG counts, simulated values were rounded to the nearest integer. Hobbes Essay. The uncertainty in the GLG counts was larger and based on administrators whether the tusk was complete or not. If the neonatal line, the tip or the base were missing (Table 1), the uncertainty was increased. Uncertainty was also based on the readability of growth layers, especially concerning the two oldest tusks with many GLGs. The uncertainty was evaluated for each tusk, so the bootstrap study used different uniform distributions for by Thomas, each whale. The number of crime in the bootstrap replicates used was 10 000. Tusk lengths ranged from 34 to Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, 255 cm (Table 1). Tusk diameter (mm) measured at public, the melon front ranged from 12 to 63 mm. Length of the pulp cavity was between 56% and 100% of tusk length; the Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, shortest tusk (34 cm) had the lowest percentage pulp cavity, and the longest tusk (255 cm) had a pulp cavity running through the entire tusk.

Tusk mass ranged from Essay Prison Overcrowding, 0.06 to 7.45 kg. Six out of nine tusks were worn at the tip but were complete and included the neonatal line. The tip of the longest tusk (ID no. 4076) was broken off as well as being worn: it lacked the neonatal line and several GLGs. The tip of the second longest tusk (ID no. 956) was also worn, and it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was still present. However, based on how it was worn, we assumed that, at Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, most, only the neonatal line and a few, if any, GLGs were missing. To estimate the number of missing GLGs in tusk ID no. 4076, it was compared with tusk ID no.

956, which was of almost the same length and education for all children’s 1975 diameter. It was concluded that the missing tip of Leviathan, by Thomas Essay ID no. Gatsby. 4076 contained 10 GLGs. Fifty GLGs were counted in the tusk, giving a total of 60 GLGs after adding the missing 10. The root of the proximal part of the tusk from by Thomas Hobbes, whale ID no. 888 was partly destroyed during maceration, which complicated counting GLGs. The count of 24 GLGs may therefore be a minimum estimate for this tusk.

The proximal parts of tusks with ID nos. Printing. 4080, 4084 and 953 were lost, having been cut off by the hunters during removal. By comparing these three tusks with other tusks, we estimated that 5 – 7 cm was missing in each case (Table 1). However, for the abovementioned four tusks, we assumed only a few, if any, GLGs were missing. GLGs were counted in all 11 tusks, and counts, or age estimates, ranged from 5 – 70 GLGs (Table 1). Tusk growth in length for the 11 tusks ranged between 3.54 and 9.11 cm ?yr with an average of 6.33 cm ?yr . The two largest and oldest tusks were growing the least per year (range: 3.54 – 4.25 cm ?yr ). The remaining tusks grew between 5.38 and 7.73 cm ?yr except for tusk with ID no.

974 that had the fastest growth of by Thomas Hobbes 9.11 cm ?yr . Width of individual GLGs did not diminish with age but varied between years (range for all tusks: 0.76 – 3.96 mm). Lobotomy. Tusk lengths versus number of Leviathan, Hobbes GLGs are shown in Fig. Great Gatsby Food. 2. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of growth layers in tusks. Fig. 2 Narwhal tusk length (cm) versus number of growth layer groups (GLGs). One GLG is assumed to Leviathan, by Thomas, constitute one year of tusk growth. Fig. 2 Narwhal tusk length (cm) versus number of education 1975 growth layer groups (GLGs). Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes. One GLG is assumed to constitute one year of tusk growth. Standard curves and public administrators linear regression equations.

The d/l standard series was used to Hobbes Essay, produce two standard curves for each HPLC run. For each run, linear regression equations were calculated by regression of theoretical d/l ratios versus the measured d/l ratios from the Essay about Prison, d/l standards. The coefficient was r 2 =0.99 for each run. Individual d/l ratios were recalculated using the equation with a slope closest to 1 (range: 1.1295 – 1.2187) from each run. Estimating the racemization rate and by Thomas ( d/l ) 0 value. The slope of the lobotomy, regression line (=2 k Asp value) including nine whales with tusks and 15 foetuses and young whales was estimated to be 0.00233±0.000080 SE with an intercept of 0.0579±0.00179 SE ( r 2 =0.98). Leviathan, Hobbes Essay. The residual SE in the regression was 0.0073. The racemization rate and ( d/l ) 0 value were, therefore, 0.00117 ?yr ±0.000040 SE and 0.0290±0.00089 SE, respectively.

For the bootstrap study, the simulated age for transorbital lobotomy, whales ID nos. 950 and 951 was drawn from a uniform distribution centred at by Thomas, their estimated age±1 year; for whales ID nos. 841, 953 and 974, an uncertainty of±3 was used; and for great food, whale ID no. 4076, an uncertainty of ±5 was used. Finally, for Leviathan, Hobbes, whales ID nos. 4075, 888 and 956, the crime in the, values given in Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, Table 1 are minimum values, with a possible underestimate of up to five years. Therefore, for public, these three whales a number between 0 and 5 was added, with linearly decreasing probability.

The average estimate of the Leviathan,, slope was 0.00229±0.000089 SE, and definition the average intercept estimate was 0.0580±0.00185 SE (Fig. 3). Essay. The r 2 was in organized crime 1920s, all cases between 0.88 and 0.98. We finally estimate the racemization rate to 0.00114 ?yr ±0.000044 and the ( d/l ) 0 to 0.0290±0.00093. Aspartic acid racemization rate in narwhal ( Monodon monoceros ) eye lens nuclei estimated by counting of growth layers in tusks.

Fig. 3 Regression line from the bootstrap study of d/l ratios against growth layer group (GLG) counts and Leviathan, Essay estimated age based on length. The slope of the regression line corresponds to twice the racemization rate (2 k Asp ) and the intercept corresponds to twice the education for all handicapped act of 1975, ( d/l ) 0 value. Fig. 3 Regression line from the bootstrap study of d/l ratios against growth layer group (GLG) counts and estimated age based on length. The slope of the regression line corresponds to twice the racemization rate (2 k Asp ) and the intercept corresponds to twice the ( d/l ) 0 value. Eleven narwhal tusks and matching eyes were sampled for the purpose of estimating a species-specific racemization rate for narwhals by regression of GLGs in tusks against d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei. Eyes from two whales were discarded, as it was uncertain whether the tusk and eyes came from the Hobbes Essay, same individual. Gatsby Food. Thus, samples from nine whales remained for by Thomas Hobbes Essay, analysis. The sample size is less than optimal, but the costs and difficulties of great gatsby food obtaining whole tusks and matching eyes preclude a more extensive sampling programme.

Furthermore, a high incidence of broken tusks in adult males (Silverman Dunbar 1980 Silverman H.B . Dunbar M.J . Aggressive tusk use by the narwhal ( Monodon monoceros L.) . Nature. 1980 ; 284: 57 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Essay. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) impedes sampling of old and complete tusks. The tusks in lobotomy, this study were not all complete (Table 1), which complicated the counting of GLGs, and there were some evident differences in the readability of the tusks that were impossible to quantify. Furthermore, it could only be assumed that one GLG represents one year in narwhals. A deposition of one GLG per year in narwhal tusks is supported by analogy to other odontocete species (Hohn 2009 Hohn A.A . Age estimation . Encyclopedia of marine mammals2nd edn. Perrin W.F . et al. . Academic Press . San Diego , 2009 ; 11 – 17 . [Google Scholar] ), and especially to the narwhal's close relative, the beluga (Stewart et al. 2006 Stewart R.E.A . Campana S.E . Jones C.M . Stewart B.E . Bomb radiocarbon dating calibrates beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) age estimates . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay. Canadian Journal of Zoology.

2006 ; 84: 1840 – 1852 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Lockyer et al. Revolution. 2007 Lockyer C . Leviathan, Essay. Hohn A.A . Doidge D.W . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Suydam R . Age determination in belugas ( Delphinapterus leucas )—a quest for validation of dentinal layering . For All 1975. Aquatic Mammals. Hobbes Essay. 2007 ; 33: 293 – 304 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Administrators Definition. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), and until proven otherwise this is the most likely deposition rate. Tusk growth per year differed among the 11 tusks. The two largest and oldest tusks had the lowest growth rate, which is probably because growth in Leviathan, Essay, length ceases with age while growth in circumference and in food, weight increases (Table 1). Two racemization rates were estimated: one based on assuming that the age was known without error; and one based on a bootstrap study, taking into account the uncertainty in the age estimation. Uncertainty of the GLG estimation was mainly based on whether the tusk was complete or not.

The two oldest tusks had increased uncertainty because either the neonatal line was not present (ID no. 4076) or it was uncertain whether it was present or not (ID no. 956), and the neonatal line needs to be visible to obtain reliable age estimates based on GLG counts (Heide-Jorgensen et al. 1994 Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Jensen J . Leviathan, Hobbes Essay. Larsen A . Teilmann J . Neurohr B . Age estimation of white whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) from Greenland . Meddelelser om Gronland, Bioscience. 1994 ; 39: 187 – 193 . [Google Scholar] ). Another reason was that GLGs in teeth from public definition, old animals are more difficult to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, discern and count due to public administrators, compact layering, wear of the teeth and often broken tips (Silverman Dunbar 1980 Silverman H.B . Dunbar M.J . By Thomas Essay. Aggressive tusk use by the narwhal ( Monodon monoceros L.) . Nature. 1980 ; 284: 57 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . Administrators Definition. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ; Luque et al. 2009 Luque P.L . Pierce G.J . Learmonth J.A . Santos M.B . Ieno E . Lopez A . Reid R.J . Rogan E . Gonzales A.F . Boon J . Law R.J . Lockyer C.H . Leviathan,. Dentinal anomalies in teeth of harbour porpoises ( Phocoena phocoena ) from Scottish waters: are they linked to sexual maturation and Prison environmental events? . Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 2009 ; 89: 893 – 902 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ). The two estimated 2 k Asp values are, however, almost identical. In order to recognize the uncertainty in the age estimates based on length and GLGs, we propose the 2 k Asp value of Leviathan, Hobbes 0.00229 and the ( d/l ) 0 value of 0.0290 from the bootstrap study to be used in future age estimation studies of narwhals. Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Hansen S.H . Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy.

2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) estimated the ages of food 75 narwhals using AAR with a racemization rate estimated by Leviathan, by Thomas linear regression using age estimates based on body length from the same 15 young narwhals used in this study and age estimates of 13 fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) from Nerini ( 1983 Nerini M.K . Age determination of fin whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ) based upon printing aspartic acid racemization in the lens nucleus . Report of the International Whaling Commission. Leviathan, By Thomas Essay. 1983 ; 33: 447 – 448 . [Google Scholar] ) based on counts of public administrators definition earplug laminations. The combined narwhal–fin whale 2 k Asp value of 0.00209 is lower than the present one of 0.00229. This could potentially be a result of using data from two species with different ( d/l ) 0 values, but could also be caused by Leviathan, Hobbes a lower core temperature of fin whales (36.1°C, from crime, George et al. 1999 George J.C . Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Suydam R . Age and by Thomas Hobbes growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1999 ; 77: 571 – 580 . [Google Scholar] ) than that of narwhals. However, the core temperature of the beluga whale, the printing, narwhal's closest relative, has been measured to 35°C (Katsumata et al. 2006 Katsumata E . Furuta C . Katsumata H . Watanabe G . By Thomas. Taya K . Basal body temperature method for detecting ovarian cycle in captive beluga ( Delphinapterus leucas ) . Journal of Reproduction and Development.

2006 ; 52: 59 – 63 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . In The. [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ), and we assume narwhal core temperature to Hobbes, be similar. But, this is only speculation as no records of narwhal core temperature are available in revolution, the literature. The 2 k Asp value estimated here is specific to narwhals and by Thomas Hobbes Essay should as such be a better proxy for the value in narwhals than one based on education narwhal and fin whale data combined. Both the 2 k Asp values from Garde et al. ( 2007 Garde E . Heide-Jorgensen M.P . Leviathan, By Thomas. Hansen S.H . About Overcrowding. Nachman G . Forchammer M.C . Age-specific growth and remarkable longevity in narwhals ( Monodon monoceros ) from West Greenland as estimated by aspartic acid racemization . Journal of Mammalogy. 2007 ; 88: 49 – 58 . 10.3402/polar.v31i0.15865 . [Taylor Francis Online] [Google Scholar] ) and the present one rely on indirect estimation of ages either through difficult GLG readings of narwhal tusks, body lengths or uncertain counts of earplug laminae in fin whales; they also rest on the assumption that one GLG is deposited per year throughout the life of the animal. Ideally, racemization rates could be derived from known-age animals in captivity or animals marked somehow early in their life. However, neither fin whales nor narwhals are held in captivity, nor are wild individuals being marked as young whales. Even if either of by Thomas these approaches were technically feasible, a substantial number of education for all handicapped children’s 1975 animals would be required, ideally spanning the Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, full longevity, to calculate authentic racemization rates. The estimated racemization rate and the ( d/l ) 0 value have different effects on AAR age estimates.

AAR age estimates of older individuals are influenced mainly by transorbital the racemization rate, while age estimates of young animals are affected primarily by the ( d/l ) 0 value (George et al. Leviathan, By Thomas Essay. 1999 George J.C . Bada J.L . Zeh J . Scott L . Brown S.E . O'Hara T . Transorbital. Suydam R . Age and Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes growth estimates of bowhead whales ( Balaena mysticetus ) via aspartic acid racemization . Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1999 ; 77: 571 – 580 . [Google Scholar] ). Therefore, when using the AAR technique it is also significant that a reliable ( d/l ) 0 value for the species is available. Dentinal GLGs can be examined in cross-sections of embedded narwhal teeth, but occlusion means that only a minimum GLG count can be obtained from older whales (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. Handicapped Children’s 1975. 1980 ; 3: 119 – 132 . [Google Scholar] ). However, the dentinal layers representing early years (before sexual maturity) are readable in Hobbes, embedded teeth and can apparently provide reliable age estimates of transorbital lobotomy young narwhals (Hay 1980 Hay K.A . Age determination of the narwhal, Monodon monoceros L . Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes. Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue. 1980 ; 3: 119 – 132 . [Google Scholar] ). Therefore, for future studies it is organized crime in the 1920s recommended that both eyes and embedded teeth be collected so that both methods of by Thomas Hobbes age estimation of organized in the 1920s young narwhals can be used to derive an improved estimate of the ( d/l ) 0 value. To summarize, in this study we have estimated a species-specific 2 k Asp rate of 0.00229 and Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes a ( d/l ) 0 value of 0.0290 for narwhals by public administrators regression and bootstrapping of aspartic acid d/l ratios in eye lens nuclei against GLGs in tusks. These estimates are the first based entirely on narwhal data. Though we recognize the small sample size as well as problems associated with using incomplete tusks, we nevertheless propose that these values be used in future AAR ageing studies of narwhals. Leviathan, Hobbes Essay. But we also emphasize the need for collection of printing embedded teeth, intact tusks and matching eyes of narwhals for further improving the ( d/l ) 0 and Leviathan, by Thomas Essay 2 k Asp estimates obtained in Essay about Prison Overcrowding, this study and for Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, examining both methods of age estimation. Thanks to Jeppe Mohl for administrators, cutting and preparing the narwhal tusks, and to Nynne Hjort Nielsen, Marianne Andersen and Kirsten Andersen for assistance with eye dissections and HPLC analysis.

Importation of samples into Denmark was authorized by CITES permits IM 0721-199/08, IM 0721-200/08, IM 0330-820/09 and by Thomas Hobbes IM 0330-819/09. Funding for this study was obtained from the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources and the Danish Cooperation for printing revolution, the Environment in the Arctic. Table 1 Data on Leviathan, by Thomas Essay the 11 narwhals from North Greenland (NGl), West Greenland (WGl) and East Greenland (EGl) used in this study. Note that tusks nos. 4080, 4084 and 953 were received with ca. 5, 6 and 7 cm, respectively, cut off the bases. These missing centimetres are added to lobotomy, the total length of the tusks in Essay, the table. Also, it was uncertain whether the neonatal line was present in tusk no. 956 Growth layer group is abbreviated to GLG. a Measured at the melon front.

b D/L ratios corrected according to regression equations. c Data not available. Registered in England Wales No. 3099067. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG.

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CARRABBA’S ITALIAN GRILL Chicago, IL. Trainee Food Service Worker August 2007 – July 2011. Present menus to patrons and answer questions about Hobbes Essay menu items, making recommendations upon crime, request in by Thomas a 70+ seat restaurant Assisted host or hostess by answering phones to take reservations or to-go orders, and by greeting, seating, and thanking guests Stored food in designated containers and storage areas to administrators prevent spoilage and Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, increase shelf life Presented wine samples for guests to crime in the 1920s taste and Leviathan, Hobbes, opened the bottles for them upon public, their approval Served food and beverages to patrons, and prepared or served specialty dishes at tables as required. Certificate in Food Handling and Safety, June 2008. Bachelor of Arts Degree in Culinary Arts, June 2007. Team worker who is able to adapt in highly dynamic and changing situations. Leviathan, Hobbes Essay. Excellent problem solving and communication skills, with a focus on customer service Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Bilingual (Spanish/English) Candidate uses a Combination resume format to emphasize achievements and skills, beginning with a Professional Profile introduction to present critical and public, relevant information Candidate bolds key waitressing skill keywords in the Professional Profile section, and lists her achievements after them Candidate emphasizes her ability to “upsell” customers on alcoholic beverages. Three Key Server Waitress Skills: 1. Salesmanship: Ability to convince customers to make extra purchases by persuasively presenting entree wine pairings, selling desserts, and convincing patrons to Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes return to the establishment.

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Bachelor of Arts in English, May 2008. Three Transferable Skills for Food Service: 1. Customer Interactivity: If you have ever had any experience dealing with customers (whether you were scooping ice cream, greeting people at by Thomas Hobbes Essay, a front desk, operating a ticket booth, etc.), this type of experience is transferable into any other customer service job. 2. Technical: Have you ever swiped a credit card, operated a Point of Sale (POS) Terminal, or re-stocked receipt paper? All of these skills are transferable into food service.

3. Communication: Bilingual ability, especially Spanish, will help your food service career chances significantly. If you’ve ever had a job where you’ve had to in the speak in front of other people, that kind of communication ability is considered transferable. 534 Shelby Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 24542 * (433) 623-6234 * [emailprotected] Superior salesmanship skills, consistently outperforming company peers Friendly, outgoing, and charismatic personality well suited for Essay, a fast paced, customer service oriented restaurant Experience with Point of Sale (POS) Terminals, with excellent basic math skills Working knowledge of wines, cocktail mixes, and transorbital lobotomy, other bartending skills Conversational in Spanish. Awarded “Employee of the Month” for Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, consistently making achieving 15% above target sales Perfected menu presentation skills, providing customers a holistic understanding of the restaurant offerings, leading to more sales Trained 4 underperforming waiters in salesmanship methodology, increasing their sales to definition meet company average. Experience with 3 types of POS Terminals, receipt roll replacement, and coffee machine cleaning Familiarity with common restaurant bread cutting machines, dishwashers, and Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, knowledge of equipment cleaning processes Excellent basic math skills, able to calculate and split bills in the event of POS Terminal downtime. Consistently scored over for all handicapped children’s, 90% satisfaction rating on Essay customer feedback surveys Conversational in great Spanish (able to take orders from Spanish speaking customers.) Possess excellent conflict resolution skills in the event of customer dissatisfaction.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. Bachelor of by Thomas Essay Science in Marketing, May 2005. 4 Steps to lobotomy Writing the Ultimate Server Resume. “Food service” encompasses many different roles within a restaurant, cafeteria, or other food service establishment, such as waiters and by Thomas Hobbes, servers, line cooks, bartenders, hosts and hostesses, and busboys. A waiter takes orders from a happy couple. These roles fall into what are called the printing revolution “front end” (customer service) and the “back end” (food preparation) of the establishments. This resume is Hobbes relevant to those of you with “front end” server experience. We will teach you why this is an excellent resume, and how you can write your own in a similar fashion. As a professional food service worker, you may currently be writing your resume in order to:

Find a new working environment Earn more money Attain a managerial role. Read this resume writing guide to ensure you achieve your goals. By the way be sure to read our Resume Writing 10 Commandments to understand the major rules that all resumes need to follow, including server resumes. Organized Crime. If this seems difficult, you can always create a food service resume in minutes with our widely praised resume maker. 1. Include These Key Server, Waitress, and Waiter Skills. For some quick help, here are the key aspects you need to Leviathan, Hobbes Essay include on a server resume. Restaurant hiring managers will be looking for these specific traits to decide if you’re a worthwhile candidate.

Be sure to about include these key server skills on your resume. Keep in Essay mind that if you have any food service certifications, such as a Certification in Food Handling and Safety, you should place it at the top of transorbital lobotomy your resume. If you don’t have any, you can land more interviews and potentially increase your salary by earning one. The National Restaurant Association offers certifications here. 2. Write a Convincing Career Objective. The first major section of your resume is called the Career Objective. This applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on the short list for an interview because she included relevant information throughout the objective. There are four reasons this example has a strong Career Objective. Pay particular attention to the bolded parts:

1st: It immediately states years of experience: 7+ years of experience in food preparation and service… 2nd: It indicates earned titles or certificates: Certificate in Food Handling and Safety. 3rd: It emphasizes deep knowledge of the Hobbes business: Keen knowledge of wines, entrees , and transorbital, the responsibilities of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes a successful restauranteur. 4th: It states the organized crime 1920s position she wants to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay fill: “Aiming to…effectively perform a management position at crime 1920s, your restaurant. Leviathan, Hobbes Essay. “ In the eyes of a hiring manager, this applicant’s Career Objective IMMEDIATELY puts her on education children’s act of the short list for an interview because she included great resume builders throughout the Leviathan, by Thomas objective. It is also well written, and in the, targeted at the managerial role she wants to fill.

Good news! Food service manager roles are projected to increase by 11% through 2022. It’s very important to remember that the Career Objective does not relate to what YOU want from the job, but rather what you can do for the company . In this way, the Hobbes Essay applicant makes a convincing argument that she’d be an asset to gatsby the company in a managerial role. Our step by step Career Objective writing guide can give you concrete ideas about how to Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay write your own. 3. Describe your Server Experience with Numbers. Adding numbers to gatsby your job description bullet points will help the hiring manager grasp the size and scope of your responsibilities, and by Thomas Hobbes, give them a clearer mental picture of your experience. By quantifying your resume, it will immediately become better than the education act of 1975 vast majority of your competition. The easiest way to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay do this is to simply write how big your food establishment is, and how many seats it has. Great Food. The applicant does this twice for the two establishments she worked in, as you can see from the Leviathan, bolded text below:

Write patrons’ food orders on slips, memorize orders, or enter orders into computers for transmittal to kitchen staff in a 150+ seat restaurant Present menus to patrons and answer questions about menu items, making recommendations upon administrators, request in a 70+ seat restaurant. Even by making this simple addition, your resume will immediately be better than the by Thomas Hobbes Essay vast majority of your competition. If you really want to blow away the administrators hiring manager, you’ll need to by Thomas Essay do more complex research, like this example: Memorized restaurant’s wine stock and the meals they should accompany, leading to daily wine sales averaging $150, fully 20% higher than company average. Do you know how much you make in sales daily or monthly? You can expect to make an about Overcrowding average of $47,960 per Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, years as a Food Service Manager.

Most restaurants — especially big chains — will track their servers’ sales statistics for transorbital lobotomy, the purposes of budgeting (and, of Leviathan, Hobbes course, to cajole low performers). Gatsby Food. You can ask your manager to see these statistics, and include them on your resume. Even if you didn’t perform spectacularly (like the applicant), simply including this information in your resume will indicate to the hiring manager that you are self-motivated and hard working. This is Leviathan, Hobbes Essay called writing an “achievement oriented” resume — and Prison Overcrowding, these tend to Leviathan, Hobbes land the most interviews. Bonus: Action Verbs for Your Server Resume. 4. Include Relevant Additional Skills.

Your Additional Skills section should not list your hobbies and interests, unless they are relevant to the job. Being bilingual in Spanish and English is a valuable asset to have, especially for a managerial position. (For instance, a wine connoisseur would be a valuable asset to a restaurant that sells wine.) Since you are a professional food service worker, regardless if you are crafting a server resume or one seeking a more supervisory role, you should definitely include these bullet points in your Additional Skills section to build a stronger resume: Familiarity with Point of Sale terminals Problem solving and communication skills.

If you also happen to be bilingual in Spanish and English, that also tends to be a valuable asset to have in education for all act of a US based restaurant — especially for Leviathan, Hobbes, a managerial position. Candidate emphasizes having a Certification in Food Handling and Safety Candidate places Education Section first due to having recent school experience Candidate mentions her high customer satisfaction rating. Getting the printing revolution Education Section Right. All entry-level candidate resume must begin with the education section. Although this candidate has had prior work experience, it was as a trainee, or as a part-time worker. The most important reason the applicant is Leviathan, considered entry-level is because she just recently graduated from community college . This applicant has educational experience related to food service (Certificate in Food Handling and definition, Safety, BA in Food Science). Understandably, you may not — and Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, that’s fine. If you have no experience whatsoever, you’ll need to write a very convincing cover letter that the great gatsby food employer should take a chance on you. The education section on an entry-level resume can be more detailed and whimsical than a professional resume , because it’s likely that you don’t have prior work experience. The hiring manager will be interested to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay know if you are generally an active person or not.

Therefore, you can include information about: Clubs you’ve joined Greek life you participate in Relevant coursework GPA (if above 3.5/4.0) Other Good Food Service Industry Samples. Waiter – Newjobs.com (Note: One of the few decent resume samples in this industry on the net. The Professional Experience section introductory paragraphs are a bit overdone, and could instead use more bullet points. Otherwise, this is a great sample.) Waiter- career-development-help.com (Note: A simple, but effective resume.

Has a well done “Professional Profile”.) Cook – CC.edu (Note: Overall an excellent resume, although the Work Experience section is not formatted very well.) Share Food Service (Waitress #038; Waiter) Resume Samples Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to great gatsby introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to by Thomas Hobbes choose from, and easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the lobotomy quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and by Thomas Hobbes Essay, learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady.

Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to gatsby food download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for public definition, a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes major online resume builders?

Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. Great Food. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and Hobbes, easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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11 Best Free Online Resume Builder Sites to Create Creative Resume CV [Curriculum Vitae] Resume or CV (curriculum vitae) is Leviathan, Hobbes, a vital part of each one’s professional life. To simply describe, CV or resume is a mere hard or soft document containing specific information like education, hobbies, achievements etc. about an individual. But the importance of a good CV can’t be neglected especially if you are appearing for a crucial job interview. However when it comes to an attractive and efficient resume or CV, most of printing revolution, us fail at creating one. One of the major reason is the lack of probable resources. Fortunately, there are some of the best free online resume builder sites having packed with resources and tools to help you create creative resume online. But finding such resume builder sites which are really free, is tough. So keeping #8216;the importance of an effective resume#8217; in mind, we have compiled a list of best free online resume or CV builders to create creative resumes or CVs.

11 Best Free Online Resume Builder Sites to Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, Create Creative Resume CV [Curriculum Vitae] CeeVee is one of the best free online creative resume builder which is actually preferred by public definition professionals. It has a very simple and friendly user interface. Creating a resume online with CeeVee is Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes, so easy. It provides a professional look to your online built resume or CV. With CeeVee, to build a resume is as simple as creating a Google+ or Facebook profile; and since all of us have social networking profiles, it is transorbital, not a difficult task to create free resume (online) with CeeVee. Online CV is a free resume builder that can create effective resumes or CVs without taking much time, however maintaining with it#8217;s commitment i.e. Leviathan, Hobbes. professionalism . Moreover, it is quite easy to create a resume CV with OnlineCV. So even if you are a newbie, OnlineCV will help you make your resume attractive and complete for printing absolutely free.

With OnlineCV Generator, drafting a resume is quite simple. To build the best resume for free, the Hobbes user is required to great, enter specific details correctly and upload a simple yet professional looking photograph of him/her. After completion, the desired as well as free CV or the resume can be downloaded in PDF format by the user. As the Hobbes Essay name suggests, Free Resume Creator is yet another free online resume or CV builder site. If you want to create distinct CVs for specific or distinct occasions and great gatsby food purposes, then this free online resume creator can help you. Unlike most of the online resume builder sites that requires the user to register, it does not require registration.

But the only downside of this resume builder available online is that it does not let you have your photograph on Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay the CV. However if the user feels like editing his/her resume, registration is required. Then the resume CV can be downloaded in printing, HTML/PDF/Text format. CV maker is among one of the best resume builders available online for free. As far as features are concerned, it is much more versatile. Not only creating a resume is free, but also the modification of Leviathan,, that resume is easy. Simply enter the required details in the concerned text field/text area/tab. This free resume builder site also comes with the feature to synchronize your resume with your Facebook and LinkedIn social profiles and great obtains details automatically.

Like most of the free resume or CV available online, My Resume Online also requires you to register with it in Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, order to create an online resume (free one). The user has the choice to select from various templates, though limited in number. But the user cannot download/print the resume. The online resume or CV contains basic details like experience, achievements, and education etc. along with a photograph of the user. However if the user feels like adding any other attachment, he/she has the handicapped children’s full autonomy to do so. The only downside is the various annoying advertisements. But if you do not mind a few advertisements scattered on Hobbes Essay your resume, then give this free resume builder site a chance to serve you.

Visual CV is the best free online resume builder that lets you to be unique and stand out of the crowd. In today’s era, when everything is going online and act of 1975 graphically, you need to keep your resume or CV up-to-date too. Just like most of the other online resume builders available for free, Visual CV also comes with the basic features education, achievements, hobbies etc. But unlike most of the other free and paid resume builders, Visual CV gives you the facility to attach multimedia files like photographs, video clips, links, graphs etc. Essay. So if you don’t want your resume to look boring and simple, build an attractive resume CV for free with Visual CV. How To Write A Resume.NET is a very good free resume building online resource. The users have a lot to choose from. If you are a newbie and creating your first resume, there is education for all handicapped act of, no place for any kind of risk with this free online resume building tool. Before actually starting, the Leviathan, Hobbes Essay user can refer to transorbital, tutorials, guidelines and Hobbes even sample resumes for absolutely free of cost.

After you have gained enough knowledge, you may start building your own. Still, if you don’t want yourself to get tangled, select any sample resume and edit your details within it; as simple as that. ConnectCV is another very powerful online resume building tool for free. Like the ones mentioned above, ConnectCV too helps you to build attractive and efficient resumes or CVs with it’s guides and a hell lot of sample resumes, but it has something even more than that. Lobotomy. ConnectCV, being among best free resume builders available online, comes with some customization features that only few resume building tools offer. Apart from creating a resume, the users have the Hobbes Essay choice to change the font, style, colour, size, shade etc. to highlight some or all of the details. Ultimately, these features increase the candidate#8217;s chances of being selected. Though ResumUP seems to be like most of the other free online CV builders but it has many more features than its name. Most of us have come across infographics at some stage of our lives and now we know how appealing and convincing an infographic can be, if built effectively and same is the printing revolution case with resumes and CVs as well.

So what if you get a chance to build an info-resume or simply infographic resume ? Though visual resume outshines all other resumes, but infographic resume is the most unique and trending type of resume. So if you want to make your resume CV stand out of crowd with creativity, build a powerful infographic resume with ResumeUP. Resumizer is yet another free online resume building wizard. Attractive resumes can be built with or without having a membership on its website. Leviathan, By Thomas Essay. The process of great, creating a resume is quite simple and straight-forward. You only need to follow a few easy steps and then, you have built your resume or CV for by Thomas Essay free and online. The desired resume can be downloaded in PDF/HTML/text format. Also the privacy of the users is maintained as it does not store any of the user’s data on lobotomy its servers. However only registered users have the facility to edit their resume or CV. Last but not the least, SpongResume is another free online tool to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, build attractive resumes and CVs.

With its simple, interactive and friendly user interface the registration process is quite simple and so is the process of education for all children’s act of 1975, building a resume. Once you are a registered user on by Thomas Essay SpongResume, your free online resume or CV can be created in gatsby food, almost no time. Customize your CV from the Leviathan, by Thomas various available options and use it for the desired purpose. Crime 1920s. The Pro Review from TechReviewPro. So here concludes the collection of Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, best free online resume builder sites that help you make your CV or resume shine out in the of the crowd. Leviathan, By Thomas Essay. Since all the food tools mentioned above are equally magnificent, we do not lay emphasis on any particular one. Hobbes Essay. Hopefully, these creative resume builder tools will help you creative attractive resume CV to stand out of crowd during the process of great food, getting hired, thus helping you win the Leviathan, Essay highest paying jobs. Let us know about your favorite free online resume builder sites using the public administrators definition comment box below. TRP Guides: How to Fix ERR_CONNECTION_TIMED_OUT Error? How to Fix ERR_INTERNET_DISCONNECTED in Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, Chrome? 20 Cool Skype Commands and Tricks You Should Know.

Abhishek Dubey is a tech geek who fell in love with technology world at an early age of 14 years. He is gatsby food, co-founder of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, TechReviewPro.com. At 16, Abhishek is Essay, pursuing Bachelor's degree in by Thomas Hobbes, Computer Applications from Nilambar Pitambar University. He enjoys writing about for all children’s, latest gadgets, apps, software and various useful interesting tips tricks of the Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay internet world. Essay Prison. Search Useful Resources. Latest in Android. Latest in Apple. Latest in Essay, Windows. Latest in Internet. Latest in Gadgets. TechReviewPro is a Pro Review technology blog which continuously publishes useful and administrators definition quality stuff for Leviathan, Essay Internet geeks.

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SparkNotes: Leviathan: Summary

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Thomas Hobbes Leviathan Essay -- Leviathan Essays

Cloudstreet paragraphs on characters/themes. Cloudstreet becomes a metaphor of the search for meaning (Dr Jennifer Minter, English Works Notes) In Cloudstreet, the lives of the Fish and Quick families intertwine as they all struggle to survive with their different problems. The family members are all haunted by a sense of tragedy which casts a long shadow over Hobbes Essay, their new dilapidated home, in Cloudstreet. Sam and Dolly struggle to keep the for all 1975, family together after Sam’s accident and Leviathan, by Thomas whilst Sam is guided by the “shifty shadow of luck”, Dolly’s luck seems to have evaporated.

In her turn, Rose, plagued by the burden of sadness, looks for happiness in other places. Likewise the near drowning of organized in the, Fish also makes Oriel and Lesther reevaluate their goals and dreams in life. It tests their strength, and at times they are challenged by Fish’s ability to Hobbes “see” things clearly from a fresh and innocent perspective. Quick’s eventual journey and relationship with the black-man figure are also connected with his search for meaning. For many of the characters, life seems to be reduced to a question of luck, which consists of good and bad fortune in equal measure.

Sam is guided and controlled by great gatsby, what he sees as the “shifty shadow of luck” which fluctuates throughout his life. Hobbes Essay! This “shifty shadow” also becomes a substitute religion for Sam as he seeks to find a sense of purpose in a hostile and challenging world. He has cycles of good luck followed by a string of lobotomy, bad luck. Winton depicts him as a victim of unpredictable circumstances of life. The idea of a man’s life as being controlled by luck is passed down to Sam from Hobbes Essay, his father and he often seeks to revolution escape his fate; he tempts fate and Hobbes Essay is often drawing and defying chance as he searches for a meaning in life. Sam’s obsession with gambling is symbolic of his constant desire to tempt fate.

From the in the, outset, the house is also bequeathed to the family as a consequence of Hobbes, luck. Joel won a fortune thanks to the horse, Eurythmic, and the house is purchased from the winnings. Revolution! Sam’s accident (the loss of his hand) is typical of the bad luck that often befalls him, often because he does not heed the signs of the “shifty shadow”. At times he seeks to escape a string of Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes Essay, bad luck and run away from lobotomy, his problems; at other times he is toying with fate, daring and defying chance as he searches for a meaning. Eventually, his preoccupation with luck and his ability to Essay show compassion and forgiveness helps him find peace and establish a sense of quiet dignity. Education Children’s! For example, Sam constantly urges Rose to show some compassion to Dolly; respect the house; and even the two women at one rare moment “wept together on the sagging bed” (362) Contrastingly, the Lambs are evangelical, traditional god-fearing people which brings them together through their tough times as they learn to Leviathan, Hobbes rely on family and cope with tragedy through the strength of their Christian values. Great Gatsby! Oriel has a sign from God; Fish is drowning in the net, exacerbated by the clumsy attempts of Quick and Lester to save him. Oriel is by Thomas determined to realise good through the power of her will and in the her positive thinking. “I’m not standin for the bad; we make good. We make war on the bad and don’t surrender.” (234 Lester realises she is a “hard woman to Leviathan, by Thomas please” ; Oriel is strong, trustworthy and dependable.

As a god-fearing Christian, she believes “love is God’s law . Oriel is trying to keep strong, “keep strong Mum, keep the steel”, how “I missed you all my life”. (403). It was sad “like this house”. Oriel hopes through the force of her determination that she might find a cure for Fish and drives him to a range of counsellors. However, Fish forces her to confront the limitations of her willpower. Likewise, Oriel also believes it is good “to be tenants. It reminds you of your own true position in the world”. A house should be a “privilege, not a possession.” 416 and it is from this position of subservience that Oriel derives her most important insights. Alternatively, Lester struggles as a man to think about printing revolution, how he stacks up against the stronger women in his life and he often has dreams and thoughts about “falling short” of Leviathan, Hobbes, not “measurin up” 307.

He was a cook in the cavalry at Gallipoli. The strange thought, for Quick of having a conversation with the father who appears “equal”. Oriel is in the tent because she has “ghosts of her own” 307 Lester says Oriel is fighting for all the printing revolution, answers. Leviathan, Essay! Lester wants to be liked. He wants to transorbital lobotomy be “hero”. 307 And wanted to be “loved by God” 307 Lester believes that family is everything. “Take away the family and that’s it, there’s no point.” 308.

Quick believes the Hobbes, family has always been odd; idiosyncratic; ‘they lived like some newspaper cartoon hokels, bumpkins, fruitcakes in their passed down mended up clothes, ordered like an Essay about Prison Overcrowding army floorshow”. There was love, and music and dancing. Hobbes Essay! (308) In his turn, Quick says the “water makes him happy”. 308 And he just wants to be “a good man”. Q is often working the nets; gives him enjoyment; but he knew it was a “postponement of something” 309. He exploits Dolly and then seeks to make amends by gatsby food, helping Sam. Winton constructs the tent as a symbol of Oriel’s desire to escape and apply the strength of her will to Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes overcome the family’s problems. In the tent, there is printing just fabric between her and death, “fabric and strength of character”. 375 If the house reminds her of her fear, she knows that “to go inside would break her will”. For 19 years, she fights against joining them, as an indication of her inability to forgive and forget. She worries that she “long enough to belong?”.

She almost feels as if it has got worse lately. 375 this “ill-feeling coming from the place”. Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay! After Fish’s death, Oriel finally moves back into the house because it only now that she can cope with her loss, her failure, her guilt, and education her limitations. Leviathan, By Thomas! The “continuing sound of middle C” is one of the Prison, reasons why Oriel moves into her tent. This note is the basis for all harmonic chords, and Hobbes the tent represents dissonance as well as her separateness. Oriel sits in her tent at night, which has “ghosts of her own”, reading the Bible by lamp and Essay Prison Overcrowding does not fully emerge until after Fish’s death when she can make her own peace. Fish, who only survives his tragedy in Leviathan, by Thomas, a diminished state, “(not all of Fish Lamb had come back”) achieves meaning in life through his naive, childish and intuitive world view. “All his life and all his next life he’ll remember this dark, cool plunge where soul and light and shape are gone” (27) This view also connects many of the characters together in printing revolution, mysterious ways as they search for meaning in unexpected places and in unpredictable ways. For example, his tragedy underpins Oriel’s search for meaning as she tries to cope with the ghosts of the past; he does not “see” her: Rose also connects with Fish through moments of great simplicity. EVERY ESSAY – PARAGRAPH Quick’s and Rose’s return home and the birth of Leviathan, by Thomas, their baby functions as a symbol of the community spirit that endures in the rambling dilapidated house that connects each of them in both positive and destructive ways.

Rose needs to return to great Cloudstreet to overcome her anorexia and the fact that she is literally and metaphorically withdrawing. Winton suggests that it is only through the by Thomas, community that many of lobotomy, them are able to Leviathan, by Thomas Essay overcome their separate and revolution individual problems and their gloominess. In this regard, Winton impresses upon readers the Leviathan, Hobbes, importance of a plural world view: one that includes different ways of looking at great gatsby the world which enrich each of the protagonists and help them endure the various mysteries that confound them and the luck that pursues them. By Thomas! As the blackman warns, “never break a place”. It is important to build not destroy communities, cherish not dissolve families. This overriding sense of community, is to Winton, the lobotomy, most fundamental and deepest meaning that any of the characters can wrest from life. Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay! Fish’s death becomes a release for Oriel who finally returns to the house. The return home also enables Quick to overcome his nightmares about the rapist which is gatsby resolved after their return. Sam has the feeling that it is Leviathan, Essay not “good luck” to sell what he has been given. Don’t look a gift horse in the mouth.” 413 There is much joviality that can be heard “all down the street” ; the singing; “those mad buggers from Cloudstreet, sounding like a footy match”. 418 Rose realises that she has spent her life trying to escape the place for 1920s, so long, and now she finds herself “living back in the thick of it” 382.

The old man would say it’s the ‘shifty shadow’, but she says it is Leviathan, by Thomas “their decision”. She feels a lot safer. (they catch the murderer 386) (The Nedland’s monster got the public administrators, hangman’s promise (400) and the “place stank of happiness” (400.) Even Sam is Essay “hardpressed to feel unlucky” (399) Finally, Winton suggests that there is no one way of for all children’s act of, finding meaning, but the house comes to represent a variety of ways of living. By Thomas Hobbes! What matters, he suggests, is that the individuals recognise their role they play in each one’s lives and that meaning can be gained from sharing and caring for one another. Although the image of the house begins as a dark, threatening entity, it becomes a symbol of the harmony created by the union of in the 1920s, two families.

As they all leave their mark on the house and after fish’s death, the two families finally lay their ghosts to by Thomas rest and can look to the future with confidence and education handicapped act of a purpose. WHILE THE CHARACTERS APPEAR TO BE ADRIFT, THE NOVEL REINFORCES A TRADITIONAL VIEW OF THE FAMILY. DO YOU AGREE? In Cloudstreet, many of the characters are adrift because they appear to lack a purpose in Leviathan, by Thomas Essay, life or are struggling with their circumstances. Some are also struggling to come to terms with traumatic experiences and education handicapped 1975 their past. By Thomas Hobbes! After Fish’s death, both Oriel and Lester suffer in great gatsby food, different ways and find it hard to by Thomas Hobbes live as a family. The spirit of Fish separates them.

Likewise, Dolly and Sam conflict over their bad luck in life and drift apart. Public! However, eventually the characters realise that despite their problems in life and their many flaws, life is much more bearable if they live together. In many ways, Winton affirms family life and many characters find in their families the strength to endure. Initially, Cloudstreet becomes the last resort for Leviathan,, two families who are struggling with a string of revolution, bad luck. It reflects the fact that many of the family members are struggling to come to terms with their life. “This morning Cloudstreet looks like a scabby old steamer resting at her moorings in the quiet time before the seas quicken and Hobbes unsettle her.” (227) Rose walks through the house: it was big enough for 20 people and it “unnerved” her. (36) Although Uncle Joel’s gift, thanks to the horse Eutythmic she found it glum, but she “understood that she had to great food love this place too” because they had nothing else. (37) Not only is Rose adrift, but her luckless father who constantly loses his money on the horses, and thanks to Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes the shifting shadow struggles to printing deal with life after his accident.

And Dolly, also struggles despite the stream of by Thomas Hobbes Essay, men who court her, “but nothing ever turns out like you expect. Like how your father ends up not being your father, and all.” 78 Rose tells the father that she remembers the time he was on the bathroom and just about to “slit your throat. She drove you that far.” (351) She is administrators not ready to forgive and forget; Dolly has caused her too much pain. (difficulty eating; the by Thomas Hobbes, hurt is raw; 351. Sam echoes Lester; once the family walks out on you and you lose the family, there is nothing much left. “a man’s sposed to Essay Overcrowding have that at Leviathan, least to look forward to.” 352. Likewise, the god-fearing Lambs struggle to revolution come to terms with Fish’s accident and they bring their grief to the troubled house. Their first impression is that it “looks flamin’ haunted” (45) As a god-fearing Christian, she believes “love is God’s law . Lester feels a sort of “homesickness” coming over him at the river (402) Oriel is by Thomas Essay trying to lobotomy keep strong, “keep strong Mum, keep the steel”, how “I missed you all my life”. (403). Lester wonders if they really belong there; or if they are just “out of our depth, out of our country”. But Oriel believes that they don’t belong anywhere. It was in my head, what I believed. That’s where I belonged, that was my country. That was the final line of defence in the war” (235) Oriel hopes through the force of her determination that she might find a cure for Fish and drives him to a range of counsellors and … However, Fish forces her to confront the Leviathan, Essay, limitations of her willpower.

Lester believes that family is everything. “Take away the family and that’s it, there’s no point.” 308. Quick believes the administrators definition, family has always been odd; idiosyncratic; ‘they lived like some newspaper cartoon hokels, bumpkins, fruitcakes in Leviathan, by Thomas, their passed down mended up clothes, ordered like an army floorshow”. Most importantly, there was love, and music and dancing. (308) – “even in the miserable times after Fish” And he just wants to be “a good man”. After Fish’s death, Oriel packs up her tent and reaffirms the importance of family. In the tent, there is just fabric between her and death, “fabric and strength of character”. Definition! 375 For 19 years, she fights against joining them, as an indication of her inability to forgive and forget. Leviathan, Essay! She worries that she “long enough to belong?”. After Fish’s death, Oriel finally moves back into the house because it only now that she can cope with her loss, her failure, her guilt, and her limitations. The death becomes a welcome release and she embraces again the family life that means so much to revolution her. Quick’s and Rose’s return home and the birth of their baby functions as a symbol of the community spirit that endures in the rambling dilapidated house that connects each of them in both positive and destructive ways. Winton suggests that Rose needs to return to Cloudstreet to overcome her anorexia and the fact that she is Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes literally and metaphorically withdrawing.

Winton suggests that it is only through the community that many of lobotomy, them are able to overcome their separate and individual problems and their gloominess. In this regard, Winton impresses upon readers the importance of a plural world view: one that includes different ways of looking at the world which enrich each of the protagonists and help them endure the various mysteries that confound them and Hobbes Essay the luck that pursues them. As the blackman warns, “never break a place”. It is printing revolution important to by Thomas Hobbes Essay build not destroy communities, cherish not dissolve families. This overriding sense of community, is to Winton, the most fundamental and deepest meaning that any of the characters can gain from life. Fish’s death becomes a release for administrators, Oriel who finally returns to the house.

Both Sam and Quick urge Rose to Leviathan, by Thomas show Dolly some compassion even though she wants to see herself as her own separate, distinct person. She says, “I’m my own person”. Sam tells her, “You’re one of us now and I couldn’t bear to lose you. Quick’s hurtin’. Education For All Handicapped 1975! Both Quick and rose realise they must return. It enables Quick to overcome his nightmares about the rapist which is resolved after their return. Sam has the feeling that it is not “good luck” to sell what he has been given. By Thomas Essay! Don’t look a gift horse in revolution, the mouth.” 413 There is much joviality that can be heard “all down the street” ; the singing; “those mad buggers from Leviathan, Hobbes, Cloudstreet, sounding like a footy match”. 418 Rose realises that she has spent her life trying to escape the place for Essay, so long, and now she finds herself “living back in the thick of Leviathan, Hobbes Essay, it” 382. The old man would say it’s the ‘shifty shadow’, but she says it is “their decision”.

She feels a lot safer. (they catch the murderer 386) (The Nedland’s monster got the revolution, hangman’s promise (400) and the “place stank of happiness” (400.) Even Sam is “hardpressed to feel unlucky” (399) Winton shows that family life is not perfect but a close and supportive family can help the individuals find purpose and stability in their lives. Winton suggests that there is no one way of finding meaning, but the house shows two families who come together out of necessity. What matters, he suggests, is that the individuals recognise their role they play in each one’s lives and Leviathan, by Thomas that meaning can be gained from sharing and caring for one another. The families realise that their dependency brings values. Transorbital Lobotomy! Although the image of the house begins as a dark, threatening entity, it becomes a symbol of the harmony created by by Thomas Hobbes Essay, the union of two families. As they all leave their mark on the house and after fish’s death, the two families finally lay their ghosts to public definition rest and Hobbes Essay can look to the future with confidence and a purpose. THINK ABOUT THE ENDING AND THE RESOLUTION OF KEY THEMES. END. “ never break a place”… build the community – do not destroy the community. End: reinforces the sense of lobotomy, community which Winton presents as the most fundamental and deepest meaning that any of the characters can wrest from life.

Sam’s search for Leviathan, by Thomas, meaning through luck becomes more solid. He constantly urges Rose to show some compassion to Dolly; respect the house; and even the public definition, two women at Leviathan, by Thomas Hobbes one rare moment “wept together on the sagging bed” (362). Rose needs to return to Cloudstreet to overcome her anorexia and the fact that she is literally and Prison Overcrowding metaphorically withdrawing. Winton suggests that it is only through the community that many of them are able to overcome their separate and individual problems/ gloominess. Fish’s death becomes a release for Oriel who finally returns to the house . Plurality; acceptance and hope: Quick’s and Rose’s return home and the birth of the baby symbolise the community spirit reflected in the rambling dilapidated house that connects each of them in both positive and destructive ways: acceptance of plurality of meanings; enrichment through multiple ways of looking at the world; always mysteries that confound them. The return home (out of fear of the rapist/murderer) haunting Perth. Quick is having nightmares about the pictures on the wall of the library – “that steely old hag and the darkeyed girl going at it, mute and angry like the by Thomas Essay, pictures on his wall in revolution, his childhood sleep” (374. Their 20 years has expired, but Sam does not want to sell the place.

He believes they could make money from selling; they could build a new place from scratch. He has the feeling that it is not “good luck” to Essay sell what he has been given. Don’t look a gift horse in the mouth. Education For All Handicapped Act Of! 413 *Reminisce about Eurythmic. Oriel also believes it is good “to be tenants. It reminds you of your own true position in the world”.

A house should be a “privilege, not a possession.” 416 they do not want to move because “we’re half way to belong here”. The blood place has got to us.” Quick said it was bad luck to sell, and his language reminds Oriel of the Leviathan, Hobbes, other side. “remember which side of the transorbital lobotomy, corridor you’re on. The language.” Rose starts working in the shop with Oriel: but they were wary of each other. Oriel takes command of a place just “by entering”. Leviathan, By Thomas Hobbes Essay! “Her kindness was scalding; her protection acidic”. And rose thinks it is her fault; Oriel is so strong and dependable; so trustworthy (397) Elaine pays the ultimate compliment when she compares Rose to Oriel, “you’re a ringer, Rose” (397) There is much joviality that can be heard “all down the street” ; the singing; “those mad buggers from Cloudstreet, sounding like a footy match”. 418. Quick and Rose are back in the big house; the Prison, big room in ‘no man’s land”. 381. By Thomas Hobbes Essay! The piano was still in the corner and she had the old desk that the old man had bought her with winnings; “Deep in, when she let herself think it, she was glad to be back, even thought it was this place.

She felt like a “surrender to printing revolution her and she’d made up her mind a long time ago to neither surrender nor go back” (382. She has spent her life trying to Leviathan, escape the place for so long, and now she finds herself “living back in the thick of it” 382. The old man would say it’s the ‘shifty shadow’, but she says it is “their decision”. She feels a lot safer. (they catch the murderer 386) (The Nedland’s monster got the hangman’s promise (400) and printing the “place stank of happiness” (400.) Even Sam is “hardpressed to feel unlucky” (399) The Baby’s birth: the birth seems to release the spirits of the place; (389) ; “the spirits on the wall are fading, fading, finally being forced on their way to oblivion.” “the room sighs, the house breathes its first painless breath in half a century and outside the pig is going at it balls to the wall” 390. Quick and Rose venture out in the big wide countryside and watch the southern cross and have inspirations about by Thomas Hobbes Essay, their place in the world. “How small our dreams are”. 421 They realise that they “belong to the place” and that they would prefer to stay in Cloudstreet. “they’ve built something else from just being there” (425). Rose realises she likes the crowd and revolution the noise; she likes the idea of Leviathan, by Thomas, being where they grew up; where they had their childhood; “it’s like getting another childhood, another go at things.” She feels as if she is right in the middle of the village. “I have these feelings. “ She doesn’t like being on crime in the, her own; or independent. She realises that is by Thomas when she “retires”. Printing Revolution! I go “skinny and puke”. It’s a bloody tribe. “I want to battle it out” 425.

Quick and Rose return home, “wild as kids”. It is a fun home coming, full of laughter. The black children follow Quick; and he sees that “moony light was coming off Fish himself” 426. Fish’s death becomes a release for Oriel who finally returns to the house .